Valence Bond Theory in Heterocyclic Chemistry

  • Zahid Rashid
  • Ria Broer
  • Joop H. van Lenthe
  • Remco W. A. HavenithEmail author
Part of the Topics in Heterocyclic Chemistry book series (TOPICS, volume 38)


This chapter deals with the application of valence bond theory in heterocyclic chemistry. A short introduction to the different valence bond methods is given, followed by illustrative results obtained by valence bond calculations. The illustrations show the applicability of the valence bond theory to obtain detailed information on the electronic structure of molecules in terms of chemical concepts.


Heterocyclic chemistry Valence bond theory Aromaticity 



RWAH and RB acknowledge the Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials for the financial support (“Dieptestrategie” programme).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zahid Rashid
    • 1
  • Ria Broer
    • 2
  • Joop H. van Lenthe
    • 1
  • Remco W. A. Havenith
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Theoretical Chemistry Group, Department of Chemistry, Debye Institute For Nanomaterials ScienceUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Theoretical Chemistry, Zernike Institute for Advanced MaterialsUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Stratingh Institute for ChemistryUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Ghent Quantum Chemistry Group, Department of Inorganic and Physical ChemistryGhent UniversityGentBelgium

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