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Neurotrophins in the Regulation of Cellular Survival and Death

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Neurotrophic Factors

Part of the book series: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology ((HEP,volume 220))

Abstract

The neurotrophins play crucial roles regulating survival and apoptosis in the developing and injured nervous system. The four neurotrophins exert profound and crucial survival effects on developing peripheral neurons, and their expression and action is intimately tied to successful innervation of peripheral targets. In the central nervous system, they are dispensable for neuronal survival during development but support neuronal survival after lesion or other forms of injury. Neurotrophins also regulate apoptosis of both peripheral and central neurons, and we now recognize that there are regulatory advantages to having the same molecules regulate life and death decisions. This chapter examines the biological contexts in which these events take place and highlights the specific ligands, receptors, and signaling mechanisms that allow them to occur.

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Ceni, C., Unsain, N., Zeinieh, M.P., Barker, P.A. (2014). Neurotrophins in the Regulation of Cellular Survival and Death. In: Lewin, G., Carter, B. (eds) Neurotrophic Factors. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, vol 220. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-45106-5_8

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