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A System-Level View of Space Projects

  • Malcolm MacdonaldEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)

Abstract

Until well after World War II, with no meaningful definition distinguishing the terminology, the fields of aerospace, aeronautics and astronautics were synonymous. Indeed even today, the terms are widely misunderstood and misused. However, the great Hungarian aeronautical engineer and physicist, Theodore von Kármán (original Hungarian name: Szőllőskislaki Kármán Tódor; 1881–1963) believed a clear distinction between aeronautics and astronautics could, and should be made. Therefore, in the early 1950s, and in consultation with the International Federation of Astronautics (IAF), founded 1951, and the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI), von Kármán undertook the task of defining the respective terms.

Keywords

Global Navigation Satellite System Global Navigation Satellite System Synthetic Aperture Radar Image Launch Vehicle Ground Segment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Mankins, J.C., “Research & Development Degree of Difficulty (R&D3)”, A White Paper, NASA Headquarters, March 1998.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bilbro, J.W., Sackheim, R. L., “Managing a Technology Development Program”, A White Paper, George C. Marshall Space Flight Center, May 2002.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    “Earthbound”, The Economist (U.S. Edition), pp. 66, August 21, 2008.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Advanced Space Concepts LaboratoryStrathclyde Space Institute, University of StrathclydeGlasgowScotland

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