A System-Level View of Space Projects

  • Malcolm MacdonaldEmail author
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)


Until well after World War II, with no meaningful definition distinguishing the terminology, the fields of aerospace, aeronautics and astronautics were synonymous. Indeed even today, the terms are widely misunderstood and misused. However, the great Hungarian aeronautical engineer and physicist, Theodore von Kármán (original Hungarian name: Szőllőskislaki Kármán Tódor; 1881–1963) believed a clear distinction between aeronautics and astronautics could, and should be made. Therefore, in the early 1950s, and in consultation with the International Federation of Astronautics (IAF), founded 1951, and the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI), von Kármán undertook the task of defining the respective terms.


Global Navigation Satellite System Global Navigation Satellite System Synthetic Aperture Radar Image Launch Vehicle Ground Segment 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Advanced Space Concepts LaboratoryStrathclyde Space Institute, University of StrathclydeGlasgowScotland

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