Advertisement

Gambling Expansion and Social Change

  • Victor Zheng
  • Po-san Wan
Chapter

Abstract

In the past and even today, as the general public believes that casinos are inherently pernicious, legalizing gambling is usually criticized as a move that will aggravate all kinds of social evils such as crime, prostitution, money laundering, pathological gambling, family strife, alcoholism, drug abuse, triad activity, corruption, juvenile delinquency, and so on. Since Macao had made gambling legal for over one and a half centuries, few protested when the Macao SAR government voiced plans to liberalize the industry by introducing competition. Later, however, when the liberalization policy was put into practice and casinos sprang up like mushrooms, worries were expressed that social stability could be undermined. However, the issue that has attracted the greatest public attention and concern is why some people have received less, or why other people have gained more, than others.

Keywords

Pathological Gambling Money Laundering Divorce Rate Public Security Juvenile Delinquency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Ambert A (2009) Divorce: facts, causes and consequences. The Vanier Institute of the Family, OttawaGoogle Scholar
  2. American Psychiatric Association (2000) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition, text revision. American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DCCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. American Psychiatric Association (2012) DSM-5: the future of psychiatric diagnosis—Gambling disorder. http://www.dsm5.org/ProposedRevision/Pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=210. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  4. BBC News (2008) Casinos and greed spark Macau fears, February 5. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7226149.stm. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  5. CCAC (Various years) Annual report of the Commission Against Corruption of Macao. CCAC, MacaoGoogle Scholar
  6. Chan KW, Lee J (2011) Social welfare policy: a “flexible” strategy? In: Lam NMK, Scott I (eds) Gaming, governance and public policy in Macao. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong, pp 197–214Google Scholar
  7. Cherlin AJ (2004) The deinstitutionalization of American marriage. J Marriage Fam 66:848–861CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. DSEC (2012) Demographic statistics: 2011. DSEC, MacaoGoogle Scholar
  9. DSECa (Various years) Yearbook of statistics. DSEC, MacaoGoogle Scholar
  10. DSEJ (2012a) Number of youth organizations. (In Chinese) http://www.dsej.gov.mo/ijm/stat/pdf/yim_06_01.pdf. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  11. DSEJ (2012b) Statistics and classification of young offenders. (In Chinese) http://www.dsej.gov.mo/ijm/stat/pdf/yim_07_01.pdf. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  12. Fong KC, Ozorio B (2010) Research report on gambling participation among Macao residents 2010. (In Chinese) http://www.ias.gov.mo/stat/rs/dfccvf_rs2010.pdf. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  13. Giddens A (1993) The transformation of intimacy: sexuality, love and eroticism in modern societies. Polity Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  14. GIF (2012) Financial Intelligence Office newsletter for gaming sector, 6. http://www.gif.gov.mo/web1/doc/Newsletter/Casino_Newsletter_Issue_6_201205.pdf. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  15. GIFa (Various years) Financial Intelligence Office annual report. http://www.gif.gov.mo/web1/en_replications.html. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  16. Government Information Bureau (2010) Macao yearbook 2010. Government Information Bureau, MacaoGoogle Scholar
  17. Ho CM (2007) Keynote speech by the Prosecutor General at the 10th anniversary of the Macau Juvenile Delinquency Research Society, December 27. (In Chinese) http://www.mp.gov.mo/int/2007-12-27m.htm. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  18. Ho EHW (2003) Policy address for the fiscal year 2004 of the Macao Special Administrative Region (MSAR) of the People’s Republic of China. http://bo.io.gov.mo/edicoes/en/raem/lag2004/Default.asp. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  19. Hong Kong Council of Social Service (2008) Social and legal perspectives on cross border families in divorce. Scenario 21:24 (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  20. Hong Kong SAR Government (2012) Scheme $6,000. http://www.scheme6000.gov.hk/eng/faqs_c1.html. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  21. Jornal do Cidadão (2005) Wong Sio Chak: sweeping measures against gambling crimes, p P04, 27 January (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  22. Judiciary Police (Various years) Annual report. (In Chinese) http://www.pj.gov.mo/1024/pj_ch/magazine_publish.htm. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  23. Kwong KK (2011) Development of Commission Against Corruption in Macau. In: Hao Y, Wu Z (eds) Annual report on economy and society of Macau (2010–2011). Social Sciences Academic Press, Beijing, pp 15–27 (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  24. Lam NMK (2011) The impact of gaming liberalisation on public opinion and political culture. In: Lam NMK, Scott I (eds) Gaming, governance and public policy in Macao. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong, pp 37–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Leong AVM (2002) The “bate-ficha” business and triads in Macau casinos. Qld Univ Tech Law Justice J 2(1):83–97Google Scholar
  26. Lo SH (2005) Casino politics, organized crime and the post-colonial state in Macau. J Contemp China 14(43):207–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Macao Government (1998) Decree-law no. 24/98/M. (In Chinese) http://bo.io.gov.mo/bo/i/98/22/declei24_cn.asp. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  28. Macao SAR Government (2006a) Prevention and suppression of the crime of money laundering (Law no. 2/2006). http://www.gif.gov.mo/web1/doc/gif/law%202–2006.pdf. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  29. Macao SAR Government (2006b) Prevention and suppression of the crimes of terrorism (Law no. 3/2006). http://www.gif.gov.mo/web1/doc/gif/law-3-2006.pdf. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  30. Macao SAR Government (Various years) Wealth partaking scheme. http://www.planocp.gov.mo/2012/default_e.html. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  31. Macau Daily Times (2011) More pathological gamblers in 2010, 7 February. http://www.macaudailytimes.com.mo/macau/21922-More-pathological-gamblers-2010.html. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  32. Macau Daily Times (2012) Ao Man Long Faces new graft charges, 17 April. http://www.macaudailytimes.com.mo/macau/35219-Man-Long-faces-new-graft-charges.html. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  33. People’s Daily Online (2007) Nearly half of Guangdong divorce decrees involve mainland–Hong Kong/Macao cross-border marriage, November 29. (In Chinese) http://hm.people.com.cn/BIG5/85423/6589838.html. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  34. Pinto R (2008) Macau’s war on terror. Macau Closer, May:12–17Google Scholar
  35. Rephann TJ, Dalton M, Stair A, Isserman A (1997) Casino gambling as an economic development strategy. Tour Econ 3(2):161–183Google Scholar
  36. Resilience Centre, Social Welfare Bureau (Various years) Service report of the Resilience Centre: problem gambling. http://www.ias.gov.mo/cvf/en/report.jsp. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  37. Rose IN (2010) Does Macau create legal risks for American operators? Gaming Law Rev Econ 14(6):457–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. South China Research Limited (2012) Macau gaming sector, June 25. http://www.sctrade.com/data/sctoday/20120625160200Eng-Macau%20gaming%20sector%20-%20120625.pdf. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  39. Stitt G (2000) Effects of casino gambling on crime and quality of life in new casino jurisdictions, final report. http://lansingkewadin.files.wordpress.com/2012/03/casinos-and-crime-u-s-department-of-justice-2.pdf. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  40. Ta Kung Pao (2012) Cross-boundary marriages face higher risk of domestic violence; cultural differences come up against economic difficulties; hope turns to despair, p A15, 28 May (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  41. The Economist (2011) Gambling: the biggest losers, May 16. http://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2011/05/gambling. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  42. The Wall Street Journal (2012) Macau ex-official found guilty of bribery, June 4. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702303830204577445361095752908.html. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  43. Transparency International (2012) Corruption perceptions index. http://www.transparency.org/research/cpi. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  44. US Department of the Treasury (2005) Treasury designates Banco Delta Asia as primary money laundering concern under USA PATRIOT Act (Press release), September 15Google Scholar
  45. WikiLeaks (2011) The Macau SAR economy at 10: even jackpots have consequences, August 30. http://Wikileaks.org/cable/2009/12/09HONGKONG2313.html. Accessed 23 Oct 2012
  46. Yuen H (2010) Exploring critical family issues in cross-border marriages. J Youth Stud 13(1):54–67Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor Zheng
    • 1
  • Po-san Wan
    • 1
  1. 1.Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific StudiesChinese University of Hong KongHong KongHong Kong SAR

Personalised recommendations