Fetal Urology

  • Amy Hou
  • Duncan WilcoxEmail author


With the advent of prenatal screening, a new population of urological patients has been identified – the fetus. In fact, genitourinary tract anomalies are among the most common congenital anomalies, noted in 1:250–1:1,000 pregnancies. Prenatal ultrasound detects 73–82 % of these anomalies [16, 54]. Many of these patients have transient hydronephrosis that will resolve without medical intervention either during pregnancy or in infancy. Others, such as those with unilateral problems have correctable anomalies that do not warrant intervention during pregnancy as they can be corrected postnatally without any adverse consequences to the child. Consequently, the dilemma following prenatal identification of a urological problem is to identify patients who have a clinical anomaly that is significant enough that prenatal treatment is required and further still in whom the treatment will be beneficial.


Amniotic Fluid Bladder Outlet Obstruction Pulmonary Hypoplasia Posterior Urethral Valve Renal Dysplasia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Department of Pediatric UrologyChildren’s Hospital ColoradoAuroraUSA

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