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The Patriotic Hygiene Campaign and the Construction of Clean New People

Abstract

Triggered by the American germ warfare, continuing the line of thought of “cleaning” a country, the Patriotic Hygiene Campaign was upgraded to a level that was unparallel in depth and amplitude. In the struggle to defend one’s home and country, one’s personal hygiene was given a deeper meaning at the state level and became a basic prerequisite to maintaining the “cleanness” of the country. Governed by such discourse, the populace underwent a subtle “deterritorialization” process during which they were reconstructed.

Keywords

  • Mass Movement
  • Communicable Disease
  • Central Committee
  • Public Health Campaign
  • Epidemic Prevention

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    In ancient times, there would even be blames coming from public opinion if one’s courtyard was not cleaned. Criticism for Zhaogong of Jin from people in Jin Dynasty said that “you also have a courtyard, why you do not sweep it.” (See Book of Songs.) In Book of Rites, it is also said: “when the first rooster crow, one should sweep the living room and the courtyard.”

  2. 2.

    The figure meant that the counties in Fujian had reported 120 times on being affected by the airdrops. Local Chronicle Compilation Committee of Health of Fujian Province (1989).

  3. 3.

    “The National Patriotic Hygiene Campaign is developing further and has now become a regular campaign; leadership should be strengthened in some areas, nevertheless,” People’s Daily, July 26, 1952.

  4. 4.

    Xiao Aishu (2003). See Feng Luren’s (1952) for detail.

  5. 5.

    “To Carry Out Further the Patriotic Hygiene Campaign to Smash the U.S. Germ Warfare,” People’s Daily, February 25, 1952.

  6. 6.

    “Li County broke free from the four pestilences after two years of fighting; the four pests were annihilated after seven days of assault,” People’s Daily, February 27, 1958.

  7. 7.

    “Mobilize the masses to eradicate kala-azar, member of the Committee Wang Zhaojun speaks,” People’s Daily, April 8, 1960.

  8. 8.

    “Good news from the people of the frontier of Yunnan: malaria which had existed for 1,000 years is brought under control,” People’s Daily, January 16, 1958.

  9. 9.

    “Many foreign visitors protest against the American government after a visit to the exhibition of the crimes of the American government in launching a germ warfare, and visitors have reached 28,000,” People’s Daily, September 23, 1952.

  10. 10.

    “138-year-old Man Leads his Family in Killing the Four Pests,” People’s Daily, March 3, 1958.

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Hu, Y. (2013). The Patriotic Hygiene Campaign and the Construction of Clean New People. In: Rural Health Care Delivery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39982-4_11

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