Advertisement

UPC-MAC: A Power Control MAC Protocol for Underwater Sensor Networks

  • Yishan Su
  • Yibo Zhu
  • Haining Mo
  • Jun-Hong Cui
  • Zhigang Jin
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7992)

Abstract

After comparing the spatial reuse efficiency between RF based networks and acoustic based networks in terms of our newly defined metric, spatial reuse index, we found that the spatial reuse efficiency in acoustic based networks is significantly lower due to the relatively low spreading loss of acoustic signals, which further degrades the network throughput. To improve the system performance, we propose a slotted based Underwater Power Control MAC protocol (UPC-MAC), which leverages transmission power and long propagation delays to enhance the spatial reuse efficiency. UPC-MAC is a reservation based channel access scheme and makes use of long propagation delays to collect neighboring nodes’ sending requests and channel information between these senders and receivers. With such information, UPC-MAC allows for concurrent transmissions by applying Nash Equilibrium to transmission power adjustment , which can be done on every sending node in a distributed way. Simulation results show that UPC-MAC outperforms Slotted FAMA in terms of network goodput by 15-20% and 35-60% respectively in two representative network scenarios.

Keywords

Power Control Control Packet Packet Length Spatial Reuse Interference Range 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Cui, J.-H., Kong, J., Gerla, M., Zhou, S.: Challenges: building scalable mobile underwater wireless sensor networks for aquatic applications. IEEE Network, Special Issue on Wireless Sensor Networking 20(3), 12–18 (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Akyildiz, I.F., Pompili, D., Melodia, T.: Underwater acoustic sensor networks: Research challenges. Ad Hoc Networks 3(3), 257–279 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chitre, M., Shahabudeen, S., Stojanovic, M.: Underwater acoustic communicatin and networks: Recent advances and future challenges. Marine Technology Society Journal 1, 103–116 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Luo, Y., Pu, L., Peng, Z., Zhou, Z., Cui, J.-H.: CT-MAC: a MAC protocol for underwater MIMO based network uplink communications. In: Proceedings of the Seventh ACM International Conference on Underwater Networks and Systems, p. 23. ACM (2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stojanovic, M.: Underwater acoustic communication. Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (1999)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Karn, P.: Maca-a new channel access method for packet radio. In: ARRL/CRRL Amateur Radio 9th Computer Networking Conference, vol. 140, pp. 134–140 (1990)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bharghavan, V., Demers, A., Shenker, S., Zhang, L.: Macaw: a media access protocol for wireless lan’s. In: ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review, vol. 24(4), pp. 212–225. ACM (1994)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J., Fullmer, C.L.: Floor acquisition multiple access (fama) in single-channel wireless networks. Mobile Networks and Applications 4(3), 157–174 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Molins, M., Stojanovic, M.: Slotted fama: a mac protocol for underwater acoustic networks. In: OCEANS 2006-Asia Pacific, pp. 1–7. IEEE (2007)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Partan, J., Kurose, J., Levine, B.N., Preisig, J.: Spatial reuse in underwater acoustic networks using rts/cts mac protocols. University of Massachusetts Dept. of Computer Science, UM-CS-2010-045 (2010)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Baccelli, F., Blaszczyszyn, B., Mühlethaler, P., et al.: A spatial reuse aloha mac protocol for multihop wireless mobile networks (2003)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Xu, K., Gerla, M., Bae, S.: Effectiveness of rts/cts handshake in ieee 802.11 based ad hoc networks. Ad Hoc Networks 1(1), 107–123 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rappaport, T.S., et al.: Wireless communications: principles and practice, vol. 2. Prentice Hall PTR, New Jersey (1996)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang, F., Younis, O., Krunz, M.: Gmac: A game-theoretic mac protocol for mobile ad hoc networks. In: 2006 4th International Symposium on Modeling and Optimization in Mobile, Ad Hoc and Wireless Networks, pp. 1–9. IEEE (2006)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Saraydar, C.U., Mandayam, N.B., Goodman, D.J.: Efficient power control via pricing in wireless data networks. IEEE Transactions on Communications 50(2), 291–303 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Xie, P., Zhou, Z., Peng, Z., Yan, H., Hu, T., Cui, J.-H., Shi, Z., Fei, Y., Zhou, S.: Aqua-sim: an ns-2 based simulator for underwater sensor networks. In: OCEANS 2009, MTS/IEEE Biloxi-Marine Technology for Our Future: Global and Local Challenges, pp. 1–7. IEEE (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yishan Su
    • 1
  • Yibo Zhu
    • 2
  • Haining Mo
    • 2
  • Jun-Hong Cui
    • 2
  • Zhigang Jin
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electronic and Information EngineeringTianjin UniversityTianjinP.R. China
  2. 2.Computer Science and Engineering DepartmentUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

Personalised recommendations