Enhancing the Spatial Dimensions of Open Data: Geocoding Open PA Information Using Geo Platform Fusion to Support Planning Process
- 1.8k Downloads
The complexity of planning process exponentially increased during last decades matching together a wide range of instances deriving from the evolution of national and local regulations and laws, an heterogeneous methodological framework, the contribution of technologies and especially the affirmation of web and social communities as relevant dimensions for citizen’ participation. The general increase of data availability strongly forced planning process and today the planner has mainly the task to select, to organize and to share data in order to support decisions at different scales. The technological wide spread, open data, 2.0 approach and social-network interactions generates data continuously. We can affirm that data are everywhere, but how to get good information? It is the case of several open data services by P.A.s distributing numbers of file not fully exploitable by final users. The paper investigates some relevant examples from the Italian case in order to demonstrate the benefits of data territorialisation and the opportunity to use some specific tools developed within an open source framework: Geo Platform by GeoSDI. In particular we refer to the geocoding process translating a physical property address such as for a house, business or landmark into spatial coordinates. Geocoding intelligence implies the overcoming of semantics barriers in data code and the ‘ex-ante’ definition of the specific purpose of spatial application in order to accept variables accuracy levels in the final output. Conclusions regard potential application and methodological recommendation for data coding optimization.
KeywordsGeocoding Spatial Data Infrastructures open-data webgis
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Tapscott, D., Williams, A.D.: Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything. Penguin Group, New York (2006)Google Scholar
- 2.Qualman, E.: Socialnomics: How social media transforms the way we live and do business. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken (2009)Google Scholar
- 4.Macpherson, L.: Joystick Not Included: New Media Technologies are Ideal Tools for Gaining Stakeholder Interest, Acceptance. Water Environment and Technology 11(9), 51–53 (1999)Google Scholar
- 6.Goodchild, M.F.: Citizens as Voluntary Sensors: Spatial Data Infrastructure in the World of Web 2.0. International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research 2, 24–32 (2007)Google Scholar
- 7.Turner, A.: Introduction to Neogeography. O’Reilly Media, Sebastopol (2006)Google Scholar
- 8.Hudson-Smith, A., Milton, R., Dearden, J., Batty, M.: The NeoGeography of Virtual cities: Digital mirrors into a recursive world. In: Foth, M. (ed.) Handbook of Research on Urban Informatics: The Practice and Promise of the Real-Time City. Information Science Reference. IGI Global, Hershey (2009)Google Scholar
- 11.Kitsuregawa, M., Matsuoka, S., Matsuyama, T., Sudoh, O., Adachi, J.: Cyber Infrastructure for the Information-Explosion Era. Journal of Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 22(2), 209–214 (2007)Google Scholar
- 12.Greenfeld, A., Shepard, M.: Urban Computing and Its Discontents. The Architectural League of New York (2007)Google Scholar
- 13.Hwang, J.S.: u-City: The Next Paradigm of Urban Development. In: Foth, M. (ed.) Handbook of Research on Urban Informatics: The Practice and Promise of the Real-Time City. Information Science Reference. IGI Global, Hershey (2009)Google Scholar
- 14.Open Knowledge Foundation Italia, Open data handbook (May 2013), http://opendatahandbook.org/ (retrived )