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Technical-Economic Analysis of an Innovative Cogenerative Small Scale Biomass Gasification Power Plant

  • Enrico Bocci
  • Andrea Di Carlo
  • Luigi Vecchione
  • Mauro Villarini
  • Marcello De Falco
  • Alessandro Dell’Era
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7972)

Abstract

The use of biomass waste in high efficient low pollutants emissions micro-cogeneration plants overcomes the main biomass barriers: competition with the food and material uses, dispersion of a low energy density fuel and high emissions.

This paper is focused on a small (100 kWth) steam gasification fluidized bed and hot gas conditioning system. In fact, the gasification without air leads to a high calorific value gas; the hot gas conditioning allows reducing pollutants by converting more gas; the fluidized bed allows a better process and heat transport management.

Beside the design analysis, a technical and economic analysis is proposed. In particular, the feasibility study has been carried out through the main methods of NPV (Net Present Value) and PBP (Pay Back Period) assessment. The study highlights the economic viability of the proposed system, which has always a acceptable PBT and a positive NPV despite the small plant size.

Keywords

biomass gasification hot gas conditioning power plant economic analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enrico Bocci
    • 1
  • Andrea Di Carlo
    • 2
  • Luigi Vecchione
    • 3
  • Mauro Villarini
    • 3
  • Marcello De Falco
    • 4
  • Alessandro Dell’Era
    • 1
  1. 1.Energy DepartmentG. Marconi UniversityRomeItaly
  2. 2.Mechanic DepartmentSapienza UniversityRomeItaly
  3. 3.Interdepartmental Centre for Research and Dissemination of Renewable EnergyTuscia UniversityOrteItaly
  4. 4.Engineering FacultyBio-medical Campus UniversityRomeItaly

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