Advertisement

Modeling Complex Tactical Team Dynamics in Observed Submarine Operations

  • Tara Smallidge
  • Eric Jones
  • Jerry Lamb
  • Rachel Feyre
  • Ronald Steed
  • Abaigeal Caras
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8027)

Abstract

Successful submarine operations—those that accomplish the mission while maintaining security and safety—depend on numerous factors. Among the most critical elements driving success are the effectiveness of team behavior and the ability to understand when this behavior breaks down such that this degradation can be mitigated or avoided. While underway, submarine Commanders and other leaders must be attuned and alert to potential precursors that may manifest in decreased performance. This paper describes a framework used to develop performance measures to support formative assessment of team behaviors and to examine team breakdown and degradation. Results are reported from two events: an observation of an operational exercise and a study at the Naval Submarine School concerning the validity and utility of the measures. This preliminary research captured essential aspects of performance and helped define future efforts to develop better tools for assessing team behavior and understanding team breakdown in our warfighters.

Keywords

performance measures formative assessment team effectiveness team breakdown submarine 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Steed, R., Lamb, C., Severinghaus, R.: Submarine Operational Resilience: Team Performance Behaviors during Underway Tactical Operations. Paper presented at the National Defense Industrial Organization Joint Undersea Warfare Technology Conference, Groton, CT (September 2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lamb, C., Steed, R., Severinghaus, R.: Improving Mission Effectiveness by Increasing Team Problem-Solving Capacity. Paper presented at the National Defense Industrial Organization Joint Undersea Warfare Technology Conference, Groton, CT (September 2012)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Steed, R., Lamb, C., Severinghaus, R., Lamb, J., Fields, E., Caras, A.: Team Performance Behaviors during Underway Tactical Operations (NSMRL//TR–2012-0001). Naval Submarine Medical Research Laboratory, Groton (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    MacMillan, J., Entin, E.B., Morley, R.M., Bennett Jr., W.R.J.: Measuring team performance and complex and dynamic military environments: The SPOTLITE method. Military Psychology (in press)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jones, E., Steed, R., Diedrich, F., Armbruster, R., Jackson, C.: Performance-based metrics for evaluating submarine command team decision-making. In: Schmorrow, D.D., Fidopiastis, C.M. (eds.) FAC 2011, HCII 2011. LNCS, vol. 6780, pp. 308–317. Springer, Heidelberg (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Stevens, R., Galloway, T., Wang, P., Berka, C., Tan, V., Wohlgemuth, T., Lamb, J., Buckles, R.: Modeling the NeurodynamicComplexity of Submarine Navigation Teams. Computational & Mathematical Organization Theory 18, 1–24 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jones, E., Lansey, J., Kern, D., Whetzel, J., Diedrich, F., Haass, M.: Automated assessment of submarine team performance using Sociometric Badge technology. Paper presented at the National Defense Industrial Organization Joint Undersea Warfare Technology Conference, Groton, CT (September 2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tara Smallidge
    • 1
  • Eric Jones
    • 2
  • Jerry Lamb
    • 1
  • Rachel Feyre
    • 2
  • Ronald Steed
    • 3
  • Abaigeal Caras
    • 1
  1. 1.Naval Submarine Medical Research LabGrotonUSA
  2. 2.Aptima, Inc.WoburnUSA
  3. 3.UpScope ConsultingMysticUSA

Personalised recommendations