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Enhanced Training for Cyber Situational Awareness

  • Susan Stevens-Adams
  • Armida Carbajal
  • Austin Silva
  • Kevin Nauer
  • Benjamin Anderson
  • Theodore Reed
  • Chris Forsythe
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8027)

Abstract

A study was conducted in which participants received either tool-based or narrative-based training and then completed challenges associated with network security threats. Three teams were formed: (1) Tool-Based, for which each participant received tool-based training; (2) Narrative-Based, for which each participant received narrative-based training and (3) Combined, for which three participants received tool-based training and two received narrative-based training. Results showed that the Narrative-Based team recognized the spatial-temporal relationship between events and constructed a timeline that was a reasonable approximation of ground truth. In contrast, the Combined team produced a linear sequence of events that did not encompass the relationships between different adversaries. Finally, the Tool-Based team demonstrated little appreciation of either the spatial or temporal relationships between events. These findings suggest that participants receiving Narrative-Based training were able to use the software tools in a way that allowed them to gain a greater level of situation awareness.

Keywords

cyber security training situational awareness 

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References

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    Abbott, R., Haass, M., Trumbo, M., Stevens-Adams, S., Hendrickson, S., Forsythe, C.: Robust Automated Knowledge Capture, SAND 2011-8448, Sandia National Laboratories (October 2011)Google Scholar
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    Penney, L.M., David, E., Witt, L.A.: A review of personality and performance: Identifying boundaries, contingencies, and future research directions. Human Resource Management Review 21, 297–310 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Tadda, G.P.: Measuring the Performance of Cyber Situational Awareness Systems. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Information Fusion, Cologne GE, June 30-July 3 (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan Stevens-Adams
    • 1
  • Armida Carbajal
    • 1
  • Austin Silva
    • 1
  • Kevin Nauer
    • 1
  • Benjamin Anderson
    • 1
  • Theodore Reed
    • 1
  • Chris Forsythe
    • 1
  1. 1.Sandia National LaboratoriesAlbuquerqueUSA

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