An Approach to Optimal Text Placement on Images
In deciding where to place a text block on an image, there are two major factors: aesthetic of the design composition, and the visual attention that the text block naturally attracts. We propose a computational model to address this problem based on the principles of visual balance and the diagonal method of placing emphasis. A between-subject study with seven participants was conducted to validate our model with subjective ratings. Eight color photographs were used to generate a set of text-overlaid images as the stimuli. Participants rated the stimuli for aesthetic appeal on a seven-point likert scale. Results show that the participants preferred text-overlaid images generated by our method of text placement over random text placement.
KeywordsComputational aesthetics Interface design Visual Balance Diagonal Method
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Ngo, D.C.L., Teo, L.S., Byne, J.: A mathematical theory of interface aesthetics. Visual Mathematics 2 (2000)Google Scholar
- 2.Lok, S., Feiner, S., Ngai, G.: Evaluation of visual balance for automated layout (2004)Google Scholar
- 7.Arnheim, R.: Art and visual perception: A psychology of the creative eye. Univ of California Press (1954)Google Scholar
- 9.Westhoff, E.: Westhoff’s diagonal methodGoogle Scholar
- 10.Otsu, N.: A threshold selection method from gray-level histograms. Automatica 11(285-296), 23–27 (1975)Google Scholar
- 11.Cerf, M., Harel, J., Einhäuser, W., Koch, C.: Predicting human gaze using low-level saliency combined with face detection. Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 20 (2008)Google Scholar
- 16.Kaya, N., Epps, H.H.: Relationship between color and emotion: a study of college students. College Student Journal 38, 396–405 (2004)Google Scholar