Impact of Different Course Contents on Working Memory of Elementary School Students

  • Tai-Yen Hsu
  • Fang-Ling Lin
  • Chih-Lin Chang
  • Hsien-Te Peng
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8019)


Students tend to have poor learning efficiency when distracted by numerous internal and external factors in class. And there were many evidences demonstrate that students’ attention plays a significant role in teaching. Therefore, this study aims to probe into working memory of elementary school students by administering three different courses, including math, physical education (PE), and athletics training courses, to three experimental groups. It compares the impact of the three courses on students’ attention. In this study, purposive sampling was implemented to select 36 fifth graders from an elementary school in Taichung City, who were divided into three experimental groups. The data were analyzed based on the correctness of students’ responses to attention tasks. The experimental test was employed using display duration of 0.3 and 0.4 seconds, respectively. A Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-ranks test and Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance by ranks were conducted to identify the significance of the difference between the experimental groups (α=.05). When a substantial difference existed between experimental groups, the researcher implemented a post hoc comparison using a Mann-Whitney U test. The experimental results show that all three groups scored strikingly higher on the post-tests than on the pretests, reaching a significant different (p<.05). Moreover, the researcher compared the post-test results and discovered that there was a vast difference between the group receiving the PE course and the one receiving the athletics training course (p<.05). When the experimental test was given using a time interval of 0.3 seconds, the difference among the three groups was not statistically significant (p>.05). The conclusions of this study were as follows: (1) the implementation of different courses has a significant and impact on the working memory of higher-grade elementary school students; (2) different course contents may influence working memory of students; (3) regular athletic training is helpful in enhancing student attention.


attention training course working memory elementary school students 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tai-Yen Hsu
    • 1
  • Fang-Ling Lin
    • 2
  • Chih-Lin Chang
    • 2
  • Hsien-Te Peng
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Physical EducationNational Taichung University of EducationTaichung CityTaiwan
  2. 2.College of General EducationHsiuping University of Science and TechnologyTaichung CityTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Physical EducationChinese Culture UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

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