CORONAS-F Project: The Study of Solar Activity and Its Effects on the Earth

  • V. D. KuznetsovEmail author
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 400)


The CORONAS-F space mission is characterized in general terms as part of the Russian CORONAS space project aimed at the study of solar activity and solar-terrestrial coupling. The composition of the scientific payload and the basic characteristic of the instruments are described. Some observations carried out on board the CORONAS-F satellite are discussed, including global oscillations of the Sun, active regions, flares and mass ejections, high-energy particles in near-Earth space, etc. The results of investigation of the Earth’s upper atmosphere are provided as obtained from the analysis of the absorption of solar hard X-rays at shadow entry and shadow exit of the satellite, as well as the night glow events caused by solar radiation fluxes, galactic cosmic rays, and precipitations of charged particles from the magnetosphere.


Solar Activity Coronal Mass Ejection Solar Flare Solar Corona Pulse Electric Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Arkhangelskaya, I.V., Arkhangelsky, A.I., Kotov, Yu.D., Kuznetsov, S.N., Glyanenko, A.S.: The study of gamma-radiation from the solar flares of October–November 2003 recorded with the CORONAS-F/AVS-F device. Sol. Syst. Res. 40(4), 302 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Arkhangelskaya, I.V., Amandzholova, D.B., Arkhangelsky, A.I., Kotov, Yu.D.: The properties of quasi-stationary equatorial precipitations as inferred from the CORONAS-F/AVS-F data. Sol. Syst. Res. 42(6), 536–542 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bogachev, S.A., Kuzin, S.V., Zhitnik, I.A., Urnov, A.M., Grechnev, V.V.: The dynamics of high-temperature plasma in the solar corona as observed with the SPIRIT telescope in the Mg XII 8,42 Å line. Sol. Syst. Res. 39(6), 508 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chertok, I.M., Grechnev, V.V., Slemzin, V.A., Kuzin, S.V., Bugaenko, O.I., Zhitnik, I.A., Ignat’yev, A.P., Pertsov, A.A., Delaboudiniere, J.-P.: Manifestations of coronal mass ejections in XUV-range as observed with the CORONAS-F SPIRIT telescope. Sol. Syst. Res. 39(6), 462 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dmitriev, P.B., Matveev, G.A., Charikov, Yu.E., Savchenko, M.I., Skorodumov, D.V., Kudryavtsev, I.V., Lazutkov, V.P., Nitsora, Yu.N.: Impulsive structure of energy release in the solar flare of 19 December 2001. In: Proceedings of the Scientific Conference of the CIS and Baltic countries ≪ Active Processes in the Sun ≫ , St. Petersburg, 1–6 July 2002, pp. 195–198. NIIRF SPbGU, St. Petersburg (2002)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dmitriev, P.B., Kudryavtsev, I.V., Lazutkov, V.P., Matveev, G.A., Savchenko, M.I., Charikov, Yu.E., Skorodumov, D.V.: The particularities of the solar flare X-ray radiation recorded with the IRIS X-ray spectrometer during the CORONAS-F mission. Sol. Syst. Res. 40(2), 142 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Frederiks, D.D., Golenetskii, S.V., Pal’shin, V.D., Aptekar, R.L., Ilyinskii, V.N., Oleinik, F.P., Mazets, E.P., Cline, T.L.: Giant flare in SGR1806-20 and its Compton reflection from the moon. (2006). astro-ph/0612289Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Grechnev, V.V., Kuzin, S.V., Urnov, A.M., Zhitnik, I.A., Uralov, A.M., Bogachev, S.A., Livshits, M.A., Bugaenko, O.I., Zandanov, V.G., Ignat’yev, A.P., Krutov, V.V., Oparin, S.N., Pertsov, A.A., Slemzin, V.A., Chertok, I.M., Stepanov, A.I.: On long-lived hot coronal structures observed in the MgXII line with the CORONAS-F/SPIRIT device. Sol. Syst. Res. 40(4), 286 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kazachevskaya, T.V., Nusinov, A.A., Katyushina, V.V., Gonyukh, D.A.: Variations of the solar HF-radiation flux over an activity cycle as inferred from the CORONAS satellite measurements. Sol. Syst. Res. 42(4), 359–362 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kolomiitsev, O.P., Zhitnik, I.A., Ivanov-Kholodny, G.S., Kuznetsov, V.D., Boldyrev, S.I., Kuzin, S.V., Surotkin, V.A.: Preliminary results of the comparison of satellite measurements and numerical simulations of some parameters of the Earth’s upper atmosphere. Sol. Syst. Res. 40(4), 326 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kuznetsov, V.D.: The solar observatory CORONAS-F: three years of observation of solar activity. COSPAR Inf. Bull. 2004(161), 90–93 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kuznetsov, V.D.: Review of the results of solar and solar–terrestrial studies on board the CORONAS-F satellite. Sol. Syst. Res 39(6), 433 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kuznetsov, V.D.: Results of CORONAS-F observations of flares and active regions on the Sun. Izv. RAN, ser. fiz. 70(1), 56–61 (2006) (in Russian)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kuznetsov, V.D.: Results of CORONAS-F observations of the Sun. Izv. RAN, ser. fiz. 70(10), 1449–1452 (2006) (in Russian)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kuznetsov, V.D.: Observations of the Sun–Earth system within the CORONAS-F mission. J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 70(2–4), 234–240 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kuznetsov, V.D., Charikov, Yu.E., Kotov, Yu.D., Kuznetsov, S.N., Mazets, E.P., Nusinov, A.A., Pankov, V.M., Sobelman, I.I., Sylwester, J.: A review of the solar results from CORONAS-F satellite. In: Stepanov, A.V., Benevolenskaya, E.E., Kosovichev, A.G. (eds.) Multi-wavelength Investigations of Solar Activity. Proceedings of IAU Symposium 223, pp. 357–366. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2004)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kuznetsov, V.D., Zhitnik, I.A., Sobelman, I.I.: CORONAS-F: contribution to solar–terrestrial physics. Vestnik RAN 75(8), 704–714 (2005) (in Russian)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kuznetsov, S.N., Kurt, V.G., Myagkova, I.N., Yushkov, B.Yu., Kudela, K.: Gamma-rays and neutrons from solar flares recorded with the SONG instrument in 2001–2004. Sol. Syst. Res. 40(2), 104 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kuznetsov, S.N., Yushkov, B.Yu., Denisov, Yu.I., Kudela, K., Myagkova, I.N.: The dynamics of the boundary of penetration of solar cosmic rays into the Earth magnitosphere as inferred from CORONAS-F data. Sol. Syst. Res. 41(4), 348 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kuznetsov, S.N., Myagkova, I.N., Yushkov, B.Yu., Denisov, Yu.I., Murav’yeva, E.A., Kudela, K.: The dynamics of the Earth radiation belts during strong magnetic storms as inferred from CORONAS-F data. Sol. Syst. Res. 41(4), 338 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lebedev, N.I., Kuznetsov, V.D., Oraevsky, V.N., Staude, J., Kostyk, R.I.: CORONAS-F/DIFOS helioseismic experiment. Astron. Rep. 48(10), 871–875 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mazets, E.P., Cline, T.L., Aptekar, R.L., Frederiks, D.D., Golenetskii, S.V., Il’inskii, V.N., Pal’shin, V.D.: The Konus-Wind and Helicon-Coronas-F detection of the giant gamma-ray flare from the soft gamma-ray repeater SGR1806-20 (2005). astro-ph/0502541Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Nusinov, A.A., Kazachevskaya, T.V.: CORONAS-F observations of the high-frequency UV and X-ray emission of solar flares during 2001–2003. Sol. Syst. Res. 40(2), 111 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Nusinov, A.A., Kazachevskaya, T.V., Katyushina, V.V., Svidsky, P.M., Tsigel’nitsky, Yu.N., Gonyukh, D.A., Afanas’yev, A.N., Boldyrev, S.I., Lisin, D.V., Stepanov, A.I.: The measurements of solar EUV radiation in different wavelength ranges on board the CORONAS satellites: instruments and principal results. Sol. Syst. Res. 39(6), 470 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Nusinov, A.A., Kazachevskaya, T.V., Kuznetsov, S.N., Myagkova, I.N., Yushkov, B.Yu.: The ultraviolet, hard X-ray, and gamma-ray emission of solar flares recorded with the VUSS-L and SONG instruments in 2001–2003. Sol. Syst. Res. 40(4), 282 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Oraevsky, V.N., Sobelman, I.I.: Comprehensive study of the solar activity on the KORONAS-F satellite. Astron. Lett. 28, 568–577 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Oraevsky, V.N., Sobelman, I.I., Zhitnik, I.A., Kuznetsov, V.D.: Complex investigations of the Sun on board the CORONAS-F satellite: new results. Phys. Usp. 45(8), 886–896 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Oraevsky, V.N., Sobelman, I.I., Zhitnik, I.A., Kuznetsov, V.D., Polishuk, G.M., Kovilin, P.N., Negoda, A.A., Dranovsky, V.I., Yatskiv, Ja.S.: CORONAS-F observations of active phenomena on the Sun. Adv. Space Res. 32(12), 2567–2572 (2003)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Priest, E.R., Forbes, T.: Magnetic Reconnection, 600 pp. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Slemzin, V., Bugaenko, O., Ignatiev, A., Krutov, V., Kuzin, S., Mitrofanov, A., Oparin, S., Pertsov, A., Stepanov, A., Zhitnik, I.A.: Investigation of absorption of solar EUV-radiation in the Earth’s atmosphere at altitudes of 100–500 km using solar images in the experiments TEREK-C (CORONAS-I) and SPIRIT (CORONAS-F). In: Proceedings of ISCS 2003 Symposium. ≪ Solar Variability as an Input to the Earth’s Environment ≫ , Tatranska Lomnica, Slovakia, 23–28 June 2003. ESA SP-535, pp. 389–392 (2003)ADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Slemzin, V.A., Chertok, I.M., Grechnev, V.V., Ignat’ev, A., Kuzin, S., Pertsov, A., Zhitnik, I.A., Delaboudiniere, J.-P.: Multi-wavelength observations of CME-associated structures on the Sun with the CORONAS-F/SPIRIT EUV telescope. In: Stepanov, A.A., Benevolenskaya, E.E., Kosovichev, A.G. (eds.) Multi-wavelength Investigations of Solar Activity. Proceedings of IAU Symposium 223, pp. 533–536. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2005)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Sylwester, J., Gaicki, I., Kordylewski, Z., Kowalinski, M., Novak, S., Iocieniak, P.S., Siarkowski, M., Sylwester, B., Trzebinski, W., Culhane, J.L., Whyndham, M., Bentley, R.D., Guttridge, P.R., Lang, J., Phillips, K.J.H., Brown, C.M., Doschek, G.A., Oraevsky, V.N., Kuznetsov, V.D., Stepanov, A.I., Lisin, D.V.: RESIK—bent crystal solar X-ray spectrometer for studies of Coronal Plasma Composition. Sol. Phys. 226, 45–72 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Sylwester, J., Sylwester, B., Kordylewski, Z., Phillips, K.J.H., Kuznetsov, V.D., Boldyrev, S.I.: Observations of solar X-ray spectra with the RESIK and DIOGENESS spectrometers on board the CORONAS-F satellite. Sol. Syst. Res. 39(6), 479 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Zhitnik, I.A., et al.: Observations of solar corona in the SPIRIT experiment on board the CORONAS-F satellite. Adv. Space Res. 32(4), 2573–2577 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Zhitnik, I.A., et al.: Effects of the absorption of solar XUV radiation by the earth’s upper atmosphere at altitudes of 100–500 km in the X-ray solar images obtained on board the Coronas-I (TEREK telescope) and Coronas-F (SPIRIT X-ray complex) satellites. Sol. Syst. Res. 37(4), 296–301 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Zhitnik, I.A., Bugaenko, O.I., Ignat’ev, A.P., Krutov, V.V., Kuzin, S.V., Mitrofanov, A.V., Oparin, S.N., Pertsov, A.A., Slemzin, V.A., Stepanov, A.I., Urnov, A.M.: Dynamic 10 MK plasma structures observed in monochromatic full-Sun images by the SPIRIT spectroheliograph on the CORONAS-F mission. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 338(1), 67–71 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Zhitnik, I.A., Kuzin, S.V., Sobelman, I.I., Bugaenko, O.I., Ignat’yev, A.P., Mitrofanov, A.V., Oparin, S.N., Pertsov, A.A., Slemzin, V.A., Sukhodrev, N.K., Urnov, A.M.: The main results of the CORONAS-F SPIRIT experiment. Sol. Syst. Res. 39(6), 442 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Zhitnik, I.A., Kuzin, S.V., Urnov, A.M., Bogachev, S.A., Goryachev, F.F., Shestov, S.V.: The X-ray and XUV diagnostics of active plasma features with the RES spectroheliograph in the SPIRIT experiment on board the CORONAS-F orbital station. Sol. Syst. Res. 40(4), 272 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Zhitnik, I.A., Logachev, Yu.I., Bogomolov, A.V., Denisov, Yu.I., Kavanosyan, S.S., Kuznetsov, S.N., Morozov, O.V., Myagkova, I.N., Svertilov, S.I., Ignat’yav, A.P., Oparin, S.N., Pertsov, A.A., Tindo, I.P.: The results of the CORONAS-F/SPR-N experiment on measuring the polarization, temporal, and spectral characteristics of the hard X-ray emission of solar flares. Sol. Syst. Res. 40(2), 93 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Zhugzhda, Yu.D.: Analytical signal as a tool for the study of the properties of the solar oscillation p-modes. Astron. Lett. 32(5), 329–343 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation RAS (IZMIRAN)MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations