An Application of the Ballistic Movement Method for Evaluating Computer Mice

  • Ray F. Lin
  • Ching-Wen Chung
  • Yi-Chien Tsai
  • Chi-Yu Huang
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8006)


Lin and Drury [1] validated two ballistic movement models and suggested these models could have certain benefits for evaluating input devices. Hence, the study aimed at (1) validating the application of ballistic movement models for evaluating computer mice and (2) demonstrating the superiority of this method, compared to Fitts’ law. In a two-stage experiment, four participants used six types of computer mice to execute Fitts-type aiming movements and ballistic movements, sequentially. The measured data were analyzed by Fitts’ law and the ballistic movement models, respectively. The comparison of the results obtained by the two methods showed that (1) ballistic movement models can well fit the measured data and (2) the ballistic movement method can provide independent performance information of “speed” and “accuracy” that is not available by applying Fitts’ law. This study demonstrated an alternative method for evaluating computer mice.


ballistic movement method computer mouse input device human movements Fitts’ law 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Lin, J.-F., Drury, C.G.: Verification of two models of ballistic movements. In: Jacko, J.A. (ed.) Human-Computer Interaction, Part II, HCII 2011. LNCS, vol. 6762, pp. 275–284. Springer, Heidelberg (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fitts, P.M.: The information capacity of the human motor system in controlling the amplitude of movement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 47, 381–391 (1954)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhai, S.: Characterizing computer input with Fitts’ law parameters - the information and non-information aspects of pointing. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 61, 791–809 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lin, J.-F., Drury, C., Karwan, M., Paquet, V.: A general model that accounts for Fitts’ law and Drury’s model. In: Proceedings of the 17th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, Beijing, China, August 9-14 (2009)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lin, J.-F., Drury, C.G.: Modeling Fitts’ law, in Ergonomics for all: celebrating PPCOE’s 20 years of Excellence. In: Lin, D.-Y.M., Chen, H.-C. (eds.) Selected Papers of the Pan-Pacific Conference on Ergonomics, pp. 561–567. CRC Press, Taiwan (2010)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gan, K.-C., Hoffmann, E.R.: Geometrical conditions for ballistic and visually controlled movements. Ergonomics 31, 829–839 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Novak, K.E., Miller, L.E., Houk, J.C.: Kinematic properties of rapid hand movements in a knob turning task. Experimental Brain Research 132, 419–433 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Milner, T.E.: A model for the generation of movements requiring endpoint precision. Neuroscience 49(2), 487–496 (1992)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Howarth, C.I., Beggs, W.D.A., Bowden, J.M.: The relationship between speed and accuracy of movement aimed at a target. Acta Psychologica 35, 207–218 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lin, R.F., Ho, Y.-C.: Verification of ballistic movement models in a true 3D environment. In: Proceedings of the 2nd East Asian Ergonomics Federation Symposium, October 5-8. National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lin, R.F., Shih, S.-W., Jiang, B.C.: An application of ballistic movement models for comparing ageing differences while interacting with a touchscreen. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, San Francisco, California, USA, July 21-25 (2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    MacKenzie, I.S.: A note on the information-theoretic basis for Fitts’ law. Journal of Motor Behavior 21, 323–330 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    MacKenzie, I.S.: Fitts’ law as a research and design tool in human-computer interaction. Human-Computer Interaction 7(1), 91–139 (1992)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ray F. Lin
    • 1
  • Ching-Wen Chung
    • 1
  • Yi-Chien Tsai
    • 1
  • Chi-Yu Huang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Industrial Engineering & ManagementYuan Ze UniversityTaoyuanTaiwan

Personalised recommendations