Auditory and Head-Up Displays in Vehicles

  • Christina Dicke
  • Grega Jakus
  • Jaka Sodnik
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8005)


The aim of the user study presented in this paper was to investigate the efficiency of single and multimodal user interfaces for in-vehicle control and information systems and their impact on driving safety. A windshield projection (HUD) of a hierarchical list-based visual menu was compared to an auditory representation of the same menu and to a combination of both representations. In the user study 30 participants were observed while operating a driving simulator and simultaneously solving tasks of different complexity with the three interfaces. The variables measured in the user study were task completion times, driving performance and the perceived workload. Our study shows that the single modality auditory interface is the least efficient representation of the menu; the multimodal audio-visual interface, however, shows a strong tendency to be superior to both the auditory and visual single modality interfaces with regards to driver distraction and efficiency.


Human-computer interaction auditory interface head-up display car simulator driving performance 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Sojourmer, R.J., Antin, J.F.: The effects of a simulated head-up display speedometer on perceptual task performance. Human Factors 32(3), 329–339 (1990)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Burnett, G.E.: A Road-Based Evaluation of a Head-Up Display for Presenting Navigation Information. In: Proc. of the Tenth International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, pp. 180–184. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates (2003)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yung-Ching, L.: Effects of using head-up display in automobile context on attention demand and driving performance. Displays 24(4-5), 157–165 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Charissis, V., Papanastasiou, S., Vlachos, G.: Comparative Study of Prototype Automotive HUD vs. HDD: Collision Avoidance Simulation and Results. In: Proc. of the Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress 2008, Detroit, Michigan, USA (2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fisher, E., Haines, R.F., Price, T.A.: Cognitive issues in head-up displays. NASA Technical Paper 1711, NASA Ames Research Center (1980)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wickens, C.D., Martin-Emerson, R., Larish, I.: Attentional tunnelling and the head-up display. In: Jensen, R.S. (ed.) Proc. of the Seventh International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, pp. 865–870. Ohio State University, Columbus (1993)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tufano, D.: Automotive HUDs: The overlooked safety issues. Human Factors 39(2), 303–311 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Prinzel, L.J., Risser, M.: Head-up displays and attention capture. Tech. Rep. NASA/TM-2004-213000. NASA – Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA (2004)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Haines, R.F.: A breakdown in simultaneous information processing. In: Obrecht, G., Stark, L. (eds.) Presbyopia Research, pp. 171–175. Plenum, New York (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Thomas, L.C., Wickens, C.D.: Visual Displays and Cognitive Tunneling: Frames of Reference Effects on Spatial Judgments and Change Detection. In: Proc. of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 45th Annual Meeting, pp. 336–340 (2001)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sodnik, J., Dicke, C., Tomazic, S., Billinghurst, M.: A user study of auditory versus visual interfaces for use while driving. Int. J. Human-Computer Studies 66(5), 318–332 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Weinberg, G., Harsham, B., Medenica, Z.: Evaluating the Usability of a Head-Up Display for Selection from Choice Lists in Cars. In: Proc. of the International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications (AutomotiveUI 2011), Salzburg, Germany (2011)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hart, S.G., Wickens, C.: Workload assessment and prediction. In: Booher, H.R. (ed.) MANPRINT, an Approach to Systems Integration, pp. 257–296. Van Nostrand-Reinhold, New York (1990)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dicke, C., Jakus, G., Tomazic, S., Sodnik, J.: On the Evaluation of Auditory and Head-up Displays While Driving. In: Proc. of the Fifth International Conference on Advances in Computer-Human Interactions (ACHI), Valencia, Spain, pp. 200–203 (2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christina Dicke
    • 1
  • Grega Jakus
    • 2
  • Jaka Sodnik
    • 2
  1. 1.Quality and Usability Lab, Telekom Innovation LaboratoriesTU BerlinGermany
  2. 2.Faculty of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of LjubljanaSlovenia

Personalised recommendations