Advertisement

Asteroids pp 1-33 | Cite as

Asteroids Close-Up: What We Have Learned from Twenty Years of Space Exploration

Chapter
  • 3k Downloads

Abstract

Asteroids are objects of fundamental scientific importance for several reasons. They are the remnant debris from the formation of the inner solar system. They offer therefore the unique opportunity to study the original materials and the mechanisms which formed the terrestrial planets. Moreover, they can be the objects of a strong interaction with Earth’s biosphere. Asteroids may have played a role in bringing water and organic substances on the Earth, influencing the formation of life. With catastrophic impacts they may have changed in the past the evolutionary path of life forms and may still constitute a serious threat to the human presence on the planet. Finally, asteroids represent an extraordinary source of minerals which can be exploited for the increasing necessities of our civilization and for the future exploration and colonization of the solar system.

Keywords

Parent Body Ordinary Chondrite Main Belt Space Science Review Solar Wind Interaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abe, M., Takagi, Y., Kitazato, K., Abe, S., Hiroi, T., Vilas, F., Clark, B.E., Abell, P.A., Lederer, S.M., Jarvis, K.S., Nimura, T., Ueda, Y., Fujiwara, A.: Near-Infrared Spectral Results of Asteroid Itokawa from the Hayabusa Spacecraft. Science 312, 1334–1338 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abe, S., Mukai, T., Hirata, N., Barnouin-Jha, O.S., Cheng, A.F., Demura, H., Gaskell, R.W., Hashimoto, T., Hiraoka, K., Honda, T., Kubota, T., Matsuoka, M., Mizuno, T., Nakamura, R., Scheeres, D.J., Yoshikawa, M.: Mass and Local Topography Measurements of Itokawa by Hayabusa. Science 312, 1344–1349 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Accomazzo, A., Wirth, K.R., Lodiot, S., Küppers, M., Schwehm, G.: The flyby of Rosetta at asteroid Steins – mission and science operations. Planetary and Space Science 58, 1058–1065 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Acuña, M.H., Russell, C.T., Zanetti, L.J., Anderson, B.J.: The NEAR magnetic field investigation: Science objectives at asteroid Eros 433 and experimental approach. Journal of Geophysical Research 102, 23751–23760 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Acuña, M.H., Anderson, B.J., Russell, C.T., Wasilewski, P., Kletetshka, G., Zanetti, L., Omidi, N.: NEAR Magnetic Field Observations at 433 Eros: First Measurements from the Surface of an Asteroid. Icarus 155, 220–228 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. A’Hearn, M.F., Feaga, L.M., Bertaux, J.L., Feldman, P.D., Parker, J.W., Slater, D.C., Steffl, A.J., Stern, S.A., Throop, H., Versteeg, M., Weaver, H.A., Keller, H.U.: The farultraviolet albedo of Steins measured with Rosetta-Alice. Planetary and Space Science 58, 1088–1096 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Altwegg, K., Balsiger, H., Calmonte, U., Hässig, M., Hofer, L., Jäckel, A., Schläppi, B., Wurz, P., Berthelier, J.J., De Keyser, J., Fiethe, B., Fuselier, S., Mall, U., Rème, H., Rubin, M.: In situ mass spectrometry during the Lutetia flyby. Planetary and Space Science 66, 173–178 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Auster, H.U., Apathy, I., Berghofer, G., Remizov, A., Roll, R., Fornacon, K.H., Glassmeier, K.H., Haerendel, G., Hejja, I., Kührt, E., Magnes, W., Moehlmann, D., Motschmann, U., Richter, I., Rosenbauer, H., Russell, C.T., Rustenbach, J., Sauer, K., Schwingen-schuh, K., Szemerey, I., Waesch, R.: ROMAP: Rosetta Magnetometer and Plasma Monitor. Space Science Reviews 128, 221–240 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Auster, H.U., Richter, I., Glassmeier, K.H., Berghofer, G., Carr, C.M., Motschmann, U.: Magnetic field investigations during ROSETTA’s 2867 Steins flyby. Planetary and Space Science 58, 1124–1128 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Barucci, M.A., Yoshikawa, M., Michel, P., Kawagushi, J., Yano, H., Brucato, J.R., Franchi, I.A., Dotto, E., Fulchignoni, M., Ulamec, S.: MARCO POLO: near earth object sample return mission. Experimental Astronomy 23, 785–808 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Barucci, M.A., Belskaya, I.N., Fornasier, S., Fulchignoni, M., Clark, B.E., Coradini, A., Capaccioni, F., Dotto, E., Birlan, M., Leyrat, C., Sierks, H., Thomas, N., Vincent, J.B.: Overview of Lutetia’s surface composition. Planetary and Space Science 66, 23–30 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Baumgartel, K., Sauer, K., Bogdanov, A.: A Magnetohydrodynamic Model of Solar Wind Interaction with Asteroid Gaspra. Science 263, 653–655 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Belton, M.J.S., Klaasen, K.P., Clary, M.C., Anderson, J.L., Anger, C.D., Carr, M.H., Chapman, C.R., Davies, M.E., Greeley, R., Anderson, D.: The Galileo Solid State Imaging experiment. Space Science Reviews 60, 413–455 (1992a)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Belton, M.J.S., Veverka, J., Thomas, P., Helfenstein, P., Simonelli, D., Chapman, C., Davies, M.E., Greeley, R., Greenberg, R., Head, J., Murchie, S., Klaasen, K., Johnson, T.V., McEwen, A., Morrison, D., Neukum, G., Fanale, F., Anger, C., Carr, M., Pilcher, M.: Galileo Encounter with 951 Gaspra: First Pictures of an Asteroid. Science 257, 1647–1652 (1992b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Belton, M.J.S., Chapman, C.R., Veverka, J., Klaasen, K.P., Harch, A., Greeley, R., Greenberg, R., Head III, J.W., McEwen, A., Morrison, D., Thomas, P.C., Davies, M.E., Carr, M.H., Neukum, G., Fanale, F.P., Davis, D.R., Anger, C., Gierasch, P.J., Ingersoll, A.P., Pilcher, C.B.: First Images of Asteroid 243 Ida. Science 265, 1543–1547 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Belton, M.J.S., Chapman, C.R., Thomas, P.C., Davies, M.E., Greenberg, R., Klaasen, K., Byrnes, D., D’Amario, L., Synnott, S., Johnson, T.V., McEwen, A., Merline, W.J., Davis, D.R., Petit, J.-M., Storrs, A., Veverka, J., Zellner, B.: Bulk density of asteroid 243 Ida from the orbit of its satellite Dactyl. Nature 374, 785–788 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Belton, M.J.S., Chapman, C.R., Klaasen, K.P., Harch, A.P., Thomas, P.C., Veverka, J., McEwen, A.S., Pappalardo, R.T.: Galileo’s Encounter with 243 Ida: an Overview of the Imaging Experiment. Icarus 120, 1–19 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bertini, I.: Main Belt Comets: A new class of small bodies in the solar system. Planetary and Space Science 59, 365–377 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Bertini, I., Sabolo, W., Gutierrez, P.J., Marzari, F., Snodgrass, C., Tubiana, C., Moissl, R., Pajola, M., Lowry, S.C., Barbieri, C., Ferri, F., Davidsson, B., Sierks, H., The OSIRIS Team: Search for satellites near (21) Lutetia using OSIRIS/Rosetta images. Planetary and Space Science 66, 64–70 (2012)Google Scholar
  20. Binzel, R.P., Xu, S.: Chips off of asteroid 4 Vesta - Evidence for the parent body of basaltic achondrite meteorites. Science 260, 186–191 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Blanco-Cano, X., Omidi, N., Russell, C.T.: Hybrid simulations of solar wind interaction with magnetized asteroids: Comparison with Galileo observations near Gaspra and Ida. Journal of Geophysical Research 108, A5 (2003)Google Scholar
  22. Buratti, B.J., Britt, D.T., Soderblom, L.A., Hicks, M.D., Boice, D.C., Brown, R.H., Meier, R., Nelson, R.M., Oberst, J., Owen, T.C., Rivkin, A.S., Sandel, B.R., Stern, S.A., Thomas, N., Yelle, R.V.: 9969 Braille: Deep Space 1 infrared spectroscopy, geometric albedo, and classification. Icarus 167, 129–135 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Carlson, R.W., Weissman, P.R., Smythe, W.D., Mahoney, J.C.: Near-Infrared Mapping Spectrometer experiment on Galileo. Space Science Reviews 60, 457–502 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Carr, M.H., Kirk, R.L., McEwen, A., Veverka, J., Thomas, P., Head, J.W., Murchie, S.: The geology of Gaspra. Icarus 107, 61–71 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Chapman, C.R., Veverka, J., Thomas, P.C., Klaasen, K., Belton, M.J.S., Harch, A., McEwen, A., Johnson, T.V., Helfenstein, P., Davies, M.E., Merline, W.J., Denk, T.: Discovery and physical properties of Dactyl, a satellite of asteroid 243 Ida. Nature 374, 783–785 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Chapman, C.R.: S-Type Asteroids, Ordinary Chondrites, and Space Weathering: The Evidence from Galileo’s Flybys of Gaspra and Ida. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 31, 699–725 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Chapman, C.R., Ryan, E.V., Merline, W.J., Neukum, G., Wagner, R., Thomas, P.C., Veverka, J., Sullivan, R.J.: Cratering on Ida. Icarus 120, 77–86 (1996a)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Chapman, C.R., Veverka, J., Belton, M.J.S., Neukum, G., Morrison, D.: Cratering on Gaspra. Icarus 120, 231–245 (1996b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Chapman, C.R., Merline, W.J., Thomas, P.: Cratering on Mathilde. Icarus 140, 28–33 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Cheng, A.F., Barnouin-Jha, O.S.: Giant Craters on Mathilde. Icarus 140, 34–48 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Cheng, A.F.: Implications of the NEAR mission for internal structure of Mathilde and Eros. Advances in Space Research 33, 1558–1563 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Clark, B.E., Veverka, J., Helfenstein, P., Thomas, P.C., Bell, J.F., Harch, A., Robinson, M.S., Murchie, S.L., McFadden, L.A., Chapman, C.R.: NEAR Photometry of Asteroid 253 Mathilde. Icarus 140, 53–65 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Coradini, A., Capaccioni, F., Drossart, P., Arnold, G., Ammannito, E., Angrilli, F., Barucci, M.A., Bellucci, G., Benkhoff, J., Bianchini, G., Bibring, J.P., Blecka, M., Bockelee-Morvan, D., Capria, M.T., Carlson, R., Carsenty, U., Cerroni, P., Colangeli, L., Combes, M., Combi, M., Crovisier, J., De Sanctis, M.C., Encrenaz, E.T., Erard, S., Federico, C., Filacchione, G., Fink, U., Fonti, S., Formisano, V., Ip, W.H., Jaumann, R., Kuehrt, E., Langevin, Y., Magni, G., McCord, T., Mennella, V., Mottola, S., Neukum, G., Palumbo, P., Piccioni, G., Rauer, H., Saggin, B., Schmitt, B., Tiphene, D., Tozzi, G.: Virtis: An Imaging Spectrometer for the Rosetta Mission. Space Science Reviews 128, 529–559 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Coradini, A., Capaccioni, F., Erard, S., Arnold, G., De Sanctis, M.C., Filacchione, G., Tosi, F., Barucci, M.A., Capria, M.T., Ammannito, E., Grassi, D., Piccioni, G., Giuppi, S., Bellucci, G., Benkhoff, J., Bibring, J.P., Blanco, A., Blecka, M., Bockelee-Morvan, D., Carraro, F., Carlson, R., Carsenty, U., Cerroni, P., Colangeli, L., Combes, M., Combi, M., Crovisier, J., Drossart, P., Encrenaz, E.T., Federico, C., Fink, U., Fonti, S., Giacomini, L., Ip, W.H., Jaumann, R., Kuehrt, E., Langevin, Y., Magni, G., McCord, T., Mennella, V., Mottola, S., Neukum, G., Orofino, V., Palumbo, P., Schade, U., Schmitt, B., Taylor, F., Tiphene, D., Tozzi, G.: The Surface Composition and Temperature of Asteroid 21 Lutetia As Observed by Rosetta/VIRTIS. Science 334, 492–494 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Cremonese, G., Martellato, E., Marzari, F., Kuhrt, E., Scholten, F., Preusker, F., Wünnemann, K., Borin, P., Massironi, M., Simioni, E., Ip, W.: OSIRIS Team Hydrocode simulations of the largest crater on asteroid Lutetia. Planetary and Space Science 66, 147–154 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Davis, D.R.: The Collisional History of Asteroid 253 Mathilde. Icarus 140, 49–52 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Demura, H., Kobayashi, S., Nemoto, E., Matsumoto, N., Furuya, M., Yukishita, A., Muranaka, N., Morita, H., Shirakawa, K., Maruya, M., Ohyama, H., Uo, M., Kubota, T., Hashimoto, T., Kawaguchi, J., Fujiwara, A., Saito, J., Sasaki, S., Miyamoto, H., Hirata, N.: Pole and Global Shape of 25143 Itokawa. Science 312, 1347–1349 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. De Sanctis, M.C., Coradini, A., Ammannito, E., Filacchione, G., Capria, M.T., Fonte, S., Magni, G., Barbis, A., Bini, A., Dami, M., Ficai-Veltroni, I., Preti, G.: The VIR Spectrometer. Space Science Reviews 163, 329–369 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. De Sanctis, M.C., Ammannito, E., Capria, M.T., Tosi, F., Capaccioni, F., Zambon, F., Carraro, F., Fonte, S., Frigeri, A., Jaumann, R., Magni, G., Marchi, S., McCord, T.B., McFadden, L.A., McSween, H.Y., Mittlefehldt, D.W., Nathues, A., Palomba, E., Pieters, C.M., Raymond, C.A., Russell, C.T., Toplis, M.J., Turrini, D.: Spectros-copic Characterization of Mineralogy and Its Diversity Across Vesta. Science, 697–700 (2012a)Google Scholar
  40. De Sanctis, M.C., Combe, J.P., Ammannito, E., Palomba, E., Longobardo, A., McCord, T.B., Marchi, S., Capaccioni, F., Capria, M.T., Mittlefehldt, D.W., Pieters, C.M., Sunshine, J., Tosi, F., Zambon, F., Carraro, F., Fonte, S., Frigeri, A., Magni, G., Raymond, C.A., Russell, C.T., Turrini, D.: Detection of Widespread Hydrated Materials on Vesta by the VIR Imaging Spectrometer on board the Dawn Mission. The Astrophysical Journal Letters 758, L36 (2012b)Google Scholar
  41. Duxbury, T.C., Newburn, R.L., Acton, C.H., Carranza, E., McElrath, T.P., Ryan, R.E., Synnott, S.P., You, T.H., Brownlee, D.E., Cheuvront, A.R., Adams, W.R., Toro-Allen, S.L., Freund, S., Gilliland, K.V., Irish, K.J., Love, C.R., McAllister, J.G., Mumaw, S.J., Oliver, T.H., Perkins, D.E.: Asteroid 5535 Annefrank size, shape, and orientation: Stardust first results. Journal of Geophysical Research 109, E02002 (2004)Google Scholar
  42. Ebihara, M., Sekimoto, S., Shirai, N., Hamajima, Y., Yamamoto, M., Kumagai, K., Oura, Y., Ireland, T.R., Kitajima, F., Nagao, K., Nakamura, T., Naraoka, H., Noguchi, T., Okazaki, R., Tsuchiyama, A., Uesugi, M., Yurimoto, H., Zolensky, M.E., Abe, M., Fujimura, A., Mukai, T., Yada, Y.: Neutron Activation Analysis of a Particle Returned from Asteroid Itokawa. Science 333, 1119–1121 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Foley, C.N., Nittler, L.R., McCoy, T.J., Lim, L.F., Brown, M.R.M., Starr, R.D., Trombka, J.I.: Minor element evidence that Asteroid 433 Eros is a space-weathered ordinary chondrite parent body. Icarus 184, 338–343 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Fujiwara, A., Kawaguchi, J., Yeomans, D.K., Abe, M., Mukai, T., Okada, T., Saito, J., Yano, H., Yoshikawa, M., Scheeres, D.J., Barnouin-Jha, O., Cheng, A.F., Demura, H., Gaskell, R.W., Hirata, N., Ikeda, H., Kominato, T., Miyamoto, H., Nakamura, A.M., Nakamura, R., Sasaki, S., Uesugi, K.: The Rubble-Pile Asteroid Itokawa as Observed by Hayabusa. Science 312, 1330–1334 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Fuse, T., Yoshida, F., Tholen, D., Ishiguro, M., Saito, J.: Searching satellites of asteroid Itokawa by imaging observation with Hayabusa spacecraft. Earth, Planets and Space 60, 33–37 (2008)Google Scholar
  46. Giblin, I., Petit, J.M., Farinella, P.: Impact Ejecta Rotational Bursting as a Mechanism for Producing Stable Ida-Dactyl Systems. Icarus 132, 43–52 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Glassmeier, K.H., Richter, I., Diedrich, A., Musmann, G., Auster, U., Motschmann, U., Balogh, A., Carr, C., Cupido, E., Coates, A., Rother, M., Schwingenschuh, K., Szegö, K., Tsurutani, B.: RPC-MAG The Fluxgate Magnetometer in the ROSETTA Plasma Consortium. Space Science Reviews 128, 649–670 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Goldsten, J.O., McNutt, R.L.J., Gold, R.E., Gary, S.A., Fiore, E., Schneider, S.E., Hayes, J.R., Trombka, J.I., Floyd, S.R., Boynton, W.V., Bailey, S., Brueckner, J., Squyres, S.W., Evans, L.G., Clark, P.E., Starr, R.: The X-ray/Gamma-ray Spectrometer on the Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous Mission. Space Science Reviews 82, 169–216 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Granahan, J.C.: A compositional study of asteroid 243 Ida and Dactyl from Galileo NIMS and SSI observations. Journal of Geophysical Research 107, 20 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Granahan, J.C.: Spatially resolved spectral observations of Asteroid 951 Gaspra. Icarus 213, 265–272 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Gulkis, S., Frerking, M., Crovisier, J., Beaudin, G., Hartogh, P., Encrenaz, P., Koch, T., Kahn, C., Salinas, Y., Nowicki, R., Irigoyen, R., Janssen, M., Stek, P., Hofstadter, M., Allen, M., Backus, C., Kamp, L., Jarchow, C., Steinmetz, E., Deschamps, A., Krieg, J., Gheudin, M., Bockelée-Morvan, D., Biver, N., Encrenaz, T., Despois, D., Ip, W., Lellouch, E., Mann, I., Muhleman, D., Rauer, H., Schloerb, P., Spilker, T.: MIRO: Microwave Instrument for Rosetta Orbiter. Space Science Reviews 128, 561–597 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Gulkis, S., Keihm, S., Kamp, L., Backus, C., Janssen, M., Lee, S., Davidsson, B., Beaudin, G., Biver, N., Bockelée-Morvan, D., Crovisier, J., Encrenaz, P., Encrenaz, T., Hartogh, P., Hofstadter, M., Ip, W., Lellouch, E., Mann, I., Schloerb, P., Spilker, T., Frerking, M.: Millimeter and submillimeter measurements of asteroid (2867) Steins during the Rosetta fly-by. Planetary and Space Science 58, 1077–1087 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Gulkis, S., Keihm, S., Kamp, L., Lee, S., Hartogh, P., Crovisier, J., Lellouch, E., Encrenaz, P., Bockelee-Morvan, D., Hofstadter, M., Beaudin, G., Janssen, M., Weissman, P., von Allmen, P.A., Encrenaz, T., Backus, C.R., Ip, W.-H., Schloerb, P.F., Biver, N., Spilker, T., Mann, I.: Continuum and spectroscopic observations of asteroid (21) Lutetia at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths with the MIRO instrument on the Rosetta spacecraft. Planetary and Space Science 66, 31–42 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Helfenstein, P., Veverka, J., Thomas, P.C., Simonelli, D.P., Lee, P., Klaasen, K., Johnson, T.V., Breneman, H., Head, J.W., Murchie, S.: Galileo photometry of Asteroid 951 Gaspra. Icarus 107, 37 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Helfenstein, P., Veverka, J., Thomas, P.C., Simonelli, D.P., Klaasen, K., Johnson, T.V., Fanale, F., Granahan, J., McEwen, A.S., Belton, M., Chapman, C.: Galileo Photometry of Asteroid 243 Ida. Icarus 120, 48–65 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Hillier, J.K., Bauer, J.M., Buratti, B.J.: Photometric modeling of Asteroid 5535 Annefrank from Stardust observations. Icarus 211, 546–552 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Housen, K.R., Holsapple, K.A., Voss, M.E.: Compaction as the origin of the unusual craters on the asteroid Mathilde. Nature 402, 155–157 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Izenberg, N.R., Murchie, S.L., Bell, J.F., McFadden, L.A., Wellnitz, D.D., Clark, B.E., Gaffey, M.J.: Spectral properties and geologic processes on Eros from combined NEAR NIS and MSI data sets. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 38, 1053–1077 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Jaumann, R., Williams, D.A., Buczkowski, D.L., Yingst, R.A., Preusker, F., Hiesinger, H., Schmedemann, N., Kneissl, T., Vincent, J.B., Blewett, D.T., Buratti, B.J., Carsenty, U., Denevi, B.W., De Sanctis, M.C., Garry, W.B., Keller, H.U., Kersten, E., Krohn, K., Li, J.Y., Marchi, S., Matz, K.D., McCord, T.B., McSween, H.Y., Mest, S.C., Mittlefehldt, D.W., Mottola, S., Nathues, A., Neukum, G., O’Brien, D.P., Pieters, C.M., Prettyman, T.H., Raymond, C.A., Roatsch, T., Russell, C.T., Schenk, P., Schmidt, B.E., Scholten, F., Stephan, K., Sykes, M.V., Tricarico, P., Wagner, R., Zuber, M.T., Sierks, H.: Vesta’s Shape and Morphology. Science 336, 687–690 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Jutzi, M., Michel, P., Benz, W.: A large crater as a probe of the internal structure of the E-type asteroid Steins. Astronomy and Astrophysics 509, L2 (2010)Google Scholar
  61. Keller, H.U., Barbieri, C., Lamy, P., Rickman, H., Rodrigo, R., Wenzel, K.P., Sierks, H., A’Hearn, M.F., Angrilli, F., Angulo, M., Bailey, M.E., Barthol, P., Barucci, M.A., Bertaux, J.L., Bianchini, G., Boit, J.L., Brown, V., Burns, J.A., Büttner, I., Castro, J.M., Cremonese, G., Curdt, W., Da Deppo, V., Debei, S., De Cecco, M., Dohlen, K., Fornasier, S., Fulle, M., Germerott, D., Gliem, F., Guizzo, G.P., Hviid, S.F., Ip, W.H., Jorda, L., Koschny, D., Kramm, J.R., Kührt, E., Küppers, M., Lara, L.M., Llebaria, A., López, A., López-Jimenez, A., López-Moreno, J., Meller, R., Michalik, H., Michelena, M.D., Müller, R., Naletto, G., Origné, A., Parzianello, G., Pertile, M., Quintana, C., Ragaz-zoni, R., Ramous, P., Reiche, K.U., Reina, M., Rodríguez, J., Rousset, G., Sabau, L., Sanz, A., Sivan, J.P., Stöckner, K., Tabero, J., Telljohann, U., Thomas, N., Timon, V., Tomasch, G., Wittrock, T., Zaccariotto, M.: OSIRIS The Scientific Camera System Onboard Rosetta. Space Science Reviews 128, 433–506 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Keller, H.U., Barbieri, C., Koschny, D., Lamy, D., Rickman, H., Rodrigo, R., Sierks, H., A’Hearn, M.F., Angrilli, F., Barucci, M.A., Bertaux, J.L., Cremonese, G., Da Deppo, V., Davidsson, B., De Cecco, M., Debei, S., Fornasier, S., Fulle, M., Groussin, O., Gutierrez, P.J., Hviid, S.F., Ip, W.H., Jorda, L., Knollenberg, J., Kramm, J.R., Kührt, E., Küppers, M., Lara, L.M., Lazzarin, M., Lopez Moreno, J., Marzari, F., Michalik, H., Naletto, G., Sabau, L., Thomas, N., Wenzel, K.P., Bertini, I., Besse, S., Ferri, F., Kaasalainen, M., Lowry, S., Marchi, S., Mottola, S., Sabolo, W., Schröder, S.E., Spjuth, S., Vernazza, P.: E-Type Asteroid (2867) Steins as Imaged by OSIRIS on Board Rosetta. Science 327, 190–193 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Kivelson, M.G., Khurana, K.K., Means, J.D., Russell, C.T., Snare, R.C.: The Galileo magnetic field investigation. Space Science Reviews 60, 357–383 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Kivelson, M.G., Bargatze, L.F., Khurana, K.K., Southwood, D.J., Walker, R.J., Coleman, P.J.: Magnetic Field Signatures Near Galileo’s Closest Approach to Gaspra. Science 261, 331–334 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Kivelson, M.G., Wang, Z., Joy, S., Khurana, K.K., Polanskey, C., Southwood, D.J., Walker, R.J.: Solar wind interaction with small bodies. 2: What can Galileo’s detection of magnetic rotations tell us about Gaspra and Ida. Advances in Space Research 16, 59–68 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Küppers, M., Moissl, R., Vincent, J.B., Besse, S., Hviid, S.F., Carry, B., Grieger, B., Sierks, H., Keller, H.U., Marchi, S., The OSIRIS Team: Boulders on Lutetia. Planetary and Space Science 66, 71–78 (2012)Google Scholar
  67. Lauretta, D.S., OSIRIS-REx Team: An Overview of the OSIRIS-REx Asteroid Sample Return Mission (2012). In: Asteroids, Comets, Meteors 2012. LPI contribution 1659 (2012)Google Scholar
  68. Lee, P., Veverka, J., Thomas, P.C., Helfenstein, P., Belton, M.J.S., Chapman, C.R., Greeley, R., Pappalardo, R.T., Sullivan, R., Head, J.W.: Ejecta Blocks on 243 Ida and on Other Asteroids. Icarus 120, 87–105 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Leyrat, C., Fornasier, S., Barucci, A., Magrin, S., Lazzarin, M., Fulchignoni, M., Jorda, L., Belskaya, I., Marchi, S., Barbieri, C., Keller, H.U., Sierks, H., Hviid, S.: Search for Steins’ surface inhomogeneities from OSIRIS Rosetta images. Planetary and Space Science 58, 1097–1106 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Leyrat, C., Coradini, A., Erard, S., Capaccioni, F., Capria, M.T., Drossart, P., De Sanctis, M.C., Tosi, F., Virtis Team: Thermal properties of the asteroid (2867) Steins as observed by VIRTIS/Rosetta. Astronomy and Astrophysics 531, A168 (2011)Google Scholar
  71. Lim, L.F., Nittler, L.R.: Elemental composition of 433 Eros: New calibration of the NEAR-Shoemaker XRS data. Icarus 200, 129–146 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Loeffler, M.J., Dukes, C.A., Chang, W.Y., McFadden, L.A., Baragiola, R.A.: Laboratory simulations of sulfur depletion at Eros. Icarus 193, 622–629 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Magrin, S., La Forgia, F., Pajola, M., Lazzarin, M., Massironi, M., Ferri, F., Da Deppo, V., Barbieri, C., Sierks, H., The OSIRIS Team: (21) Lutetia spectrophotometry from Rosetta-OSIRIS images and comparison to ground-based observations. Planetary and Space Sceince 66, 43–53 (2012)Google Scholar
  74. Marchi, S., Barbieri, C., Küppers, M., Marzari, F., Davidsson, B., Keller, H., Besse, S., Lamy, P., Mottola, S., Massironi, M., Cremonese, G.: The cratering history of asteroid (2867) Steins. Planetary and Space Science 58, 1116–1123 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Marchi, S., Massironi, M., Vincent, J.B., Morbidelli, A., Mottola, S., Marzari, F., Küppers, M., Besse, S., Thomas, N., Barbieri, C., Naletto, G., Sierks, H.: The cratering history of asteroid (21) Lutetia. Planetary and Space Science 66, 87–95 (2012a)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Marchi, S., McSween, H.Y., O’Brien, D.P., Schenk, P., De Sanctis, M.C., Gaskell, R., Jaumann, R., Mottola, S., Preusker, F., Raymond, C.A., Roatsch, T., Russell, C.T.: The Violent Collisional History of Asteroid 4 Vesta. Science 336, 690–694 (2012b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Marzari, F., Cellino, A., Davis, D.R., Farinella, P., Zappala, V., Vanzani, V.: Origin and evolution of the Vesta asteroid family. Astronomy and Astrophysics 316, 248–262 (1996)Google Scholar
  78. Massironi, M., Marchi, S., Pajola, M., Snodgrass, C., Thomas, N., Tubiana, C., Vincent, J.B., Cremonese, G., Da Deppo, V., Ferri, F., Magrin, S., Sierks, H., Barbieri, C., Lamy, P., Rickman, H., Rodrigo, R., Koschny, D., The OSIRIS Team: Geological map and stratigraphy of asteroid 21 Lutetia. Planetary and Space Science 66, 125–136 (2012)Google Scholar
  79. Merline, W.J., Weidenschilling, S.J., Durda, D.D., Margot, J.L., Pravec, P., Storrs, A.D.: Asteroids Do Have Satellites. In: Bottke, W.F., Cellino, A., Paolicchi, P., Binzel, R. (eds.) Asteroids III, pp. 289–312. University of Arizona Press, Tucson (2002)Google Scholar
  80. Michel, P., O’Brien, D.P., Abe, S., Hirata, N.: Itokawa’s cratering record as observed by Hayabusa: Implications for its age and collisional history. Icarus 200, 503–513 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Morse, A.D., Altwegg, K., Andrews, D.J., Auster, H.U., Carr, C.M., Galand, M., Goesmann, F., Gulkis, S., Lee, S., Richter, I., Sheridan, S., Stern, S.A., A’Hearn, M.F., Feldman, P., Parker, J., Retherford, K.D., Weaver, H.A., Wright, I.P.: The Rosetta campaign to detect an exosphere at Lutetia. Planetary and Space Science 66, 165–172 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Nagao, K., Okazaki, R., Nakamura, T., Miura, Y.N., Osawa, T., Bajo, K., Matsuda, S., Ebihara, M., Ireland, T.R., Kitajima, F., Naraoka, H., Noguchi, T., Tsuchiyama, A., Yurimoto, H., Zolensky, M.E., Uesugi, M., Shirai, K., Abe, M., Yada, T., Ishibashi, Y., Fujimura, A., Mukai, T., Ueno, M., Okada, T., Yoshikawa, M., Kawaguchi, J.: Irradiation History of Itokawa Regolith Material Deduced from Noble Gases in the Hayabusa Samples. Science 333, 1128–1131 (2011)Google Scholar
  83. Nakamura, T., Nakamura, A.M., Saito, J., Sasaki, S., Nakamura, R., Demura, H., Akiyama, H., Tholen, D., AMICA Team: Multiband imaging camera and its sciences for the Japanese near-earth asteroid mission MUSES-C. Earth, Planets and Space 53, 1047–1063 (2001)Google Scholar
  84. Nakamura, T., Noguchi, T., Tanaka, M., Zolensky, M.E., Kimura, M., Tsuchiyama, A., Nakato, A., Ogami, T., Ishida, H., Uesugi, M., Yada, T., Shirai, K., Fujimura, A., Okazaki, R., Sandford, S., Ishibashi, Y., Abe, M., Okada, T., Ueno, M., Mukai, T., Yo-shikawa, M., Kawaguchi, J.: Itokawa Dust Particles: A Direct Link Between S-Type Asteroids and Ordinary Chondrites. Science 333, 1113–1116 (2011)Google Scholar
  85. Newburn, R.L., Duxbury, T.C., Hanner, M., Semenov, B.V., Hirst, E.E., Bhat, R.S., Bhaskaran, S., Wang, T.C.M., Tsou, P., Brownlee, D.E., Cheuvront, A.R., Gingerich, D.E., Bol-lendonk, G.R., Vellinga, J.M., Parham, K.A., Mumaw, S.J.: Phase curve and albedo of asteroid 5535 Annefrank. Journal of Geophysical Research 108, 5117 (2003a)Google Scholar
  86. Newburn, R.L., Bhaskaran, S., Duxbury, T.C., Fraschetti, G., Radey, T., Schwochert, M.: Stardust Imaging Camera. Journal of Geophysical Research 108, 8116 (2003b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Noguchi, T., Nakamura, T., Kimura, M., Zolensky, M.E., Tanaka, M., Hashimoto, T., Konno, M., Nakato, A., Ogami, T., Fujimura, A., Abe, M., Yada, T., Mukai, T., Ueno, M., Okada, T., Shirai, K., Ishibashi, Y., Okazaki, R.: Incipient Space Weathering Observed on the Surface of Itokawa Dust Particles. Science 333, 1121–1125 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Oberst, J., Mottola, S., Di Martino, M., Hicks, M., Buratti, B., Soderblom, L., Thomas, N.: A Model for Rotation and Shape of Asteroid 9969 Braille from Ground Based Observations and Images Obtained during the Deep Space 1 (DS1) Flyby. Icarus 153, 16–23 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Okada, T., Kato, M., Fujimura, A., Tsunemi, H., Kitamoto, S.: X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry with the SELENE Orbiter. Advances in Space Research 23, 1833–1836 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Okada, T., Shirai, K., Yamamoto, Y., Arai, T., Ogawa, K., Hosono, K., Kato, M.: X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry of Asteroid Itokawa by Hayabusa. Science 312, 1338–1341 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Pätzold, M., Andert, T.P., Asmar, S.W., Anderson, J.D., Barriot, J.P., Bird, M.K., Häusler, B., Hahn, M., Tellmann, S., Sierks, H., Lamy, P., Weiss, B.P.: Asteroid 21 Lutetia: Low Mass, High Density. Science 334, 491–492 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Prockter, L., Thomas, P., Robinson, M., Joseph, J., Milne, A., Bussey, B., Veverka, J., Cheng, A.: Surface Expressions of Structural Features on Eros. Icarus 155, 75–93 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Reddy, V., Nathues, A., Le Corre, L., Sierks, H., Li, J.Y., Gaskell, R., McCoy, T., Beck, A.W., Schröder, S.E., Pieters, C.M., Becker, K.J., Buratti, B.J., Denevi, B., Blewett, D.T., Christensen, U., Gaffey, M.J., Gutierrez-Marques, P., Hicks, M., Keller, H.U., Maue, T., Mottola, S., McFadden, L.A., McSween, H.Y., Mittlefehldt, D., O’Brien, D.P., Raymond, C., Russell, C.: Color and Albedo Heterogeneity of Vesta from Dawn. Science 336, 700–704 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Richter, I., Brinza, D.E., Cassel, M., Glassmeier, K.H., Kuhnke, F., Musmann, G., Othmer, C., Schwingenschuh, K., Tsurutani, B.T.: First direct magnetic field measurements of an asteroidal magnetic field: DS1 at Braille. Geophysical Research Letters 28, 1913–1916 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Richter, I., Auster, H.U., Glassmeier, K.H., Koenders, C., Carr, C.M., Motschmann, U., Müller, J., McKenna-Lawlor, S.: Magnetic field measurements during the ROSETTA flyby at asteroid (21)Lutetia. Planetary and Space Science 66, 155–164 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Russell, C.T., Capaccioni, F., Coradini, A., De Sanctis, M.C., Feldman, W.C., Jaumann, R., Keller, H.U., McCord, T.B., McFadden, L.A., Mottola, S., Pieters, C.M., Prettyman, T.H., Raymond, C.A., Sykes, M.V., Smith, D.E., Zuber, M.T.: Dawn Mission to Vesta and Ceres. Symbiosis Between Terrestrial Observations and Robotic Exploration. Earth, Moon, and Planets 101, 65–91 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Russell, C.T., Raymond, C.A., Coradini, A., McSween, H.Y., Zuber, M.T., Nathues, A., De Sanctis, M.C., Jaumann, R., Konopliv, A.S., Preusker, F., Asmar, S.W., Park, R.S., Gaskell, R., Keller, H.U., Mottola, S., Roatsch, T., Scully, J.E.C., Smith, D.E., Tricarico, P., Toplis, M.J., Christensen, U.R., Feldman, W.C., Lawrence, D.J., McCoy, T.J., Prettyman, T.H., Reedy, R.C., Sykes, M.E., Titus, T.N.: Dawn at Vesta: Testing the Protoplanetary Paradigm. Science 336, 684–686 (2012)Google Scholar
  98. Saito, J., Miyamoto, H., Nakamura, R., Ishiguro, M., Michikami, T., Nakamura, A.M., Demura, H., Sasaki, S., Hirata, N., Honda, C., Yamamoto, A., Yokota, Y., Fuse, T., Yoshida, F., Tholen, D.J., Gaskell, R.W., Hashimoto, T., Kubota, T., Higuchi, Y., Nakamura, T., Smith, P., Hiraoka, K., Honda, T., Kobayashi, S., Furuya, M., Matsumoto, N., Nemoto, E., Yukishita, A., Kitazato, K., Dermawan, B., Sogame, A., Terazono, J., Shinohara, C., Akiyama, H.: Detailed Images of Asteroid 25143 Itokawa from Hayabusa. Science 312, 1341–1344 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Schenk, P., O’Brien, D.P., Marchi, S., Gaskell, R., Preusker, F., Roatsch, T., Jaumann, R., Buczkowski, D., McCord, T., McSween, H.Y., Williams, D., Yingst, A., Raymond, C., Russell, C.: The Geologically Recent Giant Impact Basins at Vesta’s South Pole. Science 336, 694–697 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Schröder, S.E., Keller, H.U., Gutierrez, P.J., Hviid, S.F., Kramm, R., Sabolo, W., Sierks, H.: Evidence for surface variegation in Rosetta OSIRIS images of asteroid 2867 Steins. Planetary and Space Science 58, 1107–1115 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Schulz, R.: The Rosetta mission and its fly-by at asteroid 2867 Steins. Planetary and Space Science 58, 1057 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Schulz, R., Sierks, H., Küppers, M., Accomazzo, A.: Rosetta fly-by at asteroid (21) Lutetia: An overview. Planetary and Space Science 66, 2–8 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Sierks, H., Lamy, P., Barbieri, C., Koschny, D., Rickman, H., Rodrigo, R., A’Hearn, M.F., Angrilli, F., Barucci, M.A., Bertaux, J.L., Bertini, I., Besse, S., Carry, B., Cremonese, G., Da Deppo, V., Davidsson, B., Debei, S., De Cecco, M., De Leon, J., Ferri, F., Fornasier, S., Fulle, M., Hviid, S.F., Gaskell, R.W., Groussin, O., Gutierrez, P.J., Ip, W., Jorda, L., Kaasalainen, M., Keller, H.U., Knollenberg, J., Kramm, R., Kührt, E., Küppers, M., Lara, L.M., Lazzarin, M., Leyrat, C., Moreno, J.J.L., Magrin, S., Marchi, S., Marzari, F., Massironi, M., Michalik, H., Moissl, R., Naletto, G., Preusker, F., Sabau, L., Sabolo, W., Scholten, F., Snodgrass, C., Thomas, N., Tubiana, C., Vernazza, P., Vincent, J.B., Wenzel, K.P., Andert, T., Pätzold, M., Weiss, B.P.: Images of Asteroid 21 Lutetia: A Remnant Planetesimal from the Early Solar System. Science 334, 487–490 (2011a)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Sierks, H., Keller, H.U., Jaumann, R., Michalik, H., Behnke, T., Bubenhagen, F., Büttner, I., Carsenty, U., Christensen, U., Enge, R., Fiethe, B., Gutiérrez Marqués, P., Hartwig, H., Krüger, H., Kühne, W., Maue, T., Mottola, S., Nathues, A., Reiche, K.U., Richards, M.L., Roatsch, T., Schröder, S.E., Szemerey, I., Tschentscher, M.: The Dawn Framing Camera. Space Science Reviews 163, 263–327 (2011b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Soderblom, L.A., Boice, D.C., Britt, D.T., Brown, R.H., Buratti, B.J., Hicks, M.D., Nelson, R.M., Oberst, J., Sandel, B.R., Stern, S.A., Thomas, N., Yelle, R.V.: Observations of Comet 19P/Borrelly from the Miniature Integrated Camera and Spectrometer (MICAS) aboard Deep Space 1 (DS1). Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society 33, 1087 (2001)Google Scholar
  106. Stern, S.A., Slater, D.C., Scherrer, J., Stone, J., Versteeg, M., A’Hearn, M.F., Bertaux, J.L., Feldman, P.D., Festou, M.C., Parker, J.W., Siegmund, O.H.W.: Alice: The rosetta Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph. Space Science Reviews 128, 507–527 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Stooke, P.J.: Linear Features on Asteroid 951 Gaspra. Earth, Moon and Planets 74, 131–149 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Stooke, P.J.: The Surface of Asteroid 951 Gaspra. Earth, Moon and Planets 75, 53–75 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Sullivan, R., Greeley, R., Pappalardo, R., Asphaug, E., Moore, J.M., Morrison, D., Belton, M.J.S., Carr, M., Chapman, C.R., Geissler, P., Greenberg, R., Granahan, J., Head, J., Kirk, R., McEwen, A., Lee, P., Thomas, P.C., Veverka, J.: Geology of 243 Ida. Icarus 120, 119–139 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Takagi, Y., Yoshikawa, M., Abe, M., Tachibana, S., Okada, T., Kitazato, K., Nakamura, R., Hirata, N., Yano, H., Demura, H., Nakazawa, S., Iijima, Y., Shirai, K., Hayakawa, M., Hayabusa 2 Project Team: Hayabusa2, C-type Asteroid Sample Return Mission. In: American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting (2011)Google Scholar
  111. Thomas, P.C., Veverka, J., Simonelli, D., Helfenstein, P., Carcich, B., Belton, M.J.S., Davies, M.E., Chapman, C.: The shape of Gaspra. Icarus 107, 23–36 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Thomas, P.C., Veverka, J., Bell, J.F., Clark, B.E., Carcich, B., Joseph, J., Robinson, M., McFadden, L.A., Malin, M.C., Chapman, C.R., Merline, W., Murchie, S.: Mathilde: Size, Shape, and Geology. Icarus 140, 17–27 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Thomas, P.C., Veverka, J., Robinson, M.S., Murchie, S.: Shoemaker crater as the source of most ejecta blocks on the asteroid 433 Eros. Nature 413, 394–396 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Thomas, N., Barbieri, C., Keller, H.U., Lamy, P., Rickman, H., Rodrigo, R., Sierks, H., Wenzel, K.P., Cremonese, G., Jorda, L., Küppers, M., Marchi, S., Marzari, F., Massironi, M., Preusker, F., Scholten, F., Stephan, K., Barucci, M.A., Besse, S., El-Maarry, M.R., Fornasier, S., Groussin, O., Hviid, S.F., Koschny, D., Kührt, E., Martellato, E., Moissl, R., Snodgrass, C., Tubiana, C., Vincent, J.B.: The geomorphology of (21) Lutetia: Results from the OSIRIS imaging system onboard ESA’s Rosetta spacecraft. Planetary and Space Science 66, 96–124 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Tosi, F., Coradini, A., Capaccioni, F., Filacchione, G., Grassi, D., de Sanctis, M.C., Capria, M.T., Barucci, M.A., Fulchignoni, M., Mottola, S., Erard, S., Dotto, E., Baldetti, C., VIRTIS Team: The light curve of asteroid 2867 Steins measured by VIRTIS-M during the Rosetta fly-by. Planetary and Space Science 66, 1066–1076 (2010)Google Scholar
  116. Tosi, F., Capaccioni, F., Coradini, A., Erard, S., Filacchione, G., De Sanctis, M.C., Capria, M.T., Giuppi, S., Carraro, F., VIRTIS Team: The light curve of asteroid 21 Lutetia measured by VIRTIS-M during the Rosetta fly-by. Planetary and Space Science 66, 9–22 (2012)Google Scholar
  117. Trombka, J.I., Squyres, S.W., Brückner, J., Boynton, W.V., Reedy, R.C., McCoy, T.J., Go-renstein, P., Evans, L.G., Arnold, J.R., Starr, R.D., Nittler, L.R., Murphy, M.E., Mikhee-va, I., McNutt, R.L., McClanahan, T.P., McCartney, E., Goldsten, J.O., Gold, R.E., Floyd, S.R., Clark, P.E., Burbine, T.H., Bhangoo, J.S., Bailey, S.H., Petaev, M.: The Elemental Composition of Asteroid 433 Eros: Results of the NEAR-Shoemaker X-ray Spectrometer. Science 289, 2101–2105 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Veverka, J., Belton, M., Klaasen, K., Chapman, C.: Galileo’s Encounter with 951 Gaspra: Overview. Icarus 107, 2–17 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Veverka, J., Helfenstein, P., Lee, P., Thomas, P., McEwen, A., Belton, M., Klaasen, K., Johnson, T.V., Granahan, J., Fanale, F., Geissler, P., Head, J.W.: Ida and Dactyl: Spectral Reflectance and Color Variations. Icarus 120, 66–76 (1996a)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Veverka, J., Thomas, P.C., Helfenstein, P., Lee, P., Harch, A., Calvo, S., Chapman, C., Belton, M.J.S., Klaasen, K., Johnson, T.V., Davies, M.: Dactyl: Galileo Observations of Ida’s Satellite. Icarus 120, 200–211 (1996b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Veverka, J., Bell, J.F., Thomas, P., Harch, A., Murchie, S., Hawkins, S.E., Warren, J.W., Darlington, H., Peacock, K., Chapman, C.R., McFadden, L.A., Malin, M.C., Robinson, M.S.: An overview of the NEAR multispectral imager-near-infrared spectrometer investigation. Journal of Geophysical Research 102, 23709–23728 (1997a)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Veverka, J., Thomas, P., Harch, A., Clark, B., Bell, J.F., Carcich, B., Joseph, J., Chapman, C., Merline, W., Robinson, M., Malin, M., McFadden, L.A., Murchie, S., Hawkins, S.E., Farquhar, R., Izenberg, N., Cheng, A.: NEAR’s Flyby of 253 Mathilde: Images of a C Asteroid. Science 278, 2109–2114 (1997b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Veverka, J., Thomas, P., Harch, A., Clark, B., Bell, J.F., Carcich, B., Joseph, J., Murchie, S., Izenberg, N., Chapman, C., Merline, W., Malin, M., McFadden, L., Robinson, M.: NEAR Encounter with Asteroid 253 Mathilde: Overview. Icarus 140, 3–16 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Veverka, J., Robinson, M., Thomas, P., Murchie, S., Bell, J.F., Izenberg, N., Chapman, C., Harch, A., Bell, M., Carcich, B., Cheng, A., Clark, B., Domingue, D., Dunham, D., Farquhar, R., Gaffey, M.J., Hawkins, E., Joseph, J., Kirk, R., Li, H., Lucey, P., Malin, M., Martin, P., McFadden, L., Merline, W.J., Miller, J.K., Owen, W.M., Peterson, C., Prockter, L., Warren, J., Wellnitz, D., Williams, B.G., Yeomans, D.K.: NEAR at Eros: Imaging and Spectral Results. Science 289, 2088–2097 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Veverka, J., Thomas, P.C., Robinson, M., Murchie, S., Chapman, C., Bell, M., Harch, A., Merline, W.J., Bell, J.F., Bussey, B., Carcich, B., Cheng, A., Clark, B., Domingue, D., Dunham, D., Farquhar, R., Gaffey, M.J., Hawkins, E., Izenberg, N., Joseph, J., Kirk, R., Li, H., Lucey, P., Malin, M., McFadden, L., Miller, J.K., Owen, W.M., Peterson, C., Prockter, L., Warren, J., Wellnitz, D., Williams, B.G., Yeomans, D.K.: Imaging of Small-Scale Features on 433 Eros from NEAR: Evidence for a Complex Regolith. Science 292, 484–488 (2001a)Google Scholar
  126. Veverka, J., Farquhar, B., Robinson, M., Thomas, P., Murchie, S., Harch, A., Antreasian, P.G., Chesley, S.R., Miller, J.K., Owen, W.M., Williams, B.G., Yeomans, D., Dunham, D., Heyler, G., Holdridge, M., Nelson, R.L., Whittenburg, K.E., Ray, J.C., Carcich, B., Cheng, A., Chapman, C., Bell, J.F., Bell, M., Bussey, B., Clark, B., Domingue, D., Gaffey, M.J., Hawkins, E., Izenberg, N., Joseph, J., Kirk, R., Lucey, P., Malin, M., McFadden, L., Merline, W.J., Peterson, C., Prockter, L., Warren, J., Wellnitz, D.: The landing of the NEAR-Shoemaker spacecraft on asteroid 433 Eros. Nature 413, 390–393 (2001b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Vincent, J.B., Besse, S., Marchi, S., Sierks, H., Massironi, M., The OSIRIS Team: Physical properties of craters on asteroid (21) Lutetia. Planetary and Space Science 66, 79–86 (2012)Google Scholar
  128. Wang, Z., Kivelson, M.G., Joy, S., Khurana, K.K., Polanskey, C., Southwood, D.J., Walker, R.J.: Solar wind interaction with small bodies: 1. Whistler wing signatures near Galileo’s closest approach to Gaspra and Ida. Advances in Space Research 16, 47–57 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Wasilewski, P., Acuna, M.H., Kletetschka, G.: 433 Eros: Problems with the meteorite magnetism record in attempting an asteroid match. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 37, 937–950 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Weiss, B.P., Elkins-Tanton, L.T., Barucci, M.A., Sierks, H., Snodgrass, C., Vincent, J.B., Marchi, S., Weissman, P.R., Pätzold, M., Richter, I., Fulchignoni, M., Binzel, R.P., Schulz, R.: Possible evidence for partial differentiation of asteroid Lutetia from Rosetta. Planetary and Space Science 66, 137–146 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Weissman, P.R., Carlson, R.W., Smythe, W.D., Byrne, L.C., Ocampo, A.C., Kieffer, H.H., Soderblom, L.A., Fanale, F.P., Granahan, J.C., McCord, T.B.: Thermal Modelling of Asteroid 951 Gaspra. Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society 24, 933 (1992)Google Scholar
  132. Yano, H., Kubota, T., Miyamoto, H., Okada, T., Scheeres, D., Takagi, Y., Yoshida, K., Abe, M., Abe, S., Barnouin-Jha, O., Fujiwara, A., Hasegawa, S., Hashimoto, T., Ishiguro, M., Kato, M., Kawaguchi, J., Mukai, T., Saito, J., Sasaki, S., Yoshikawa, M.: Touchdown of the Hayabusa Spacecraft at the Muses Sea on Itokawa. Science 312, 1350–1353 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Yeomans, D.K., Barriot, J.P., Dunham, D.W., Farquhar, R.W., Giorgini, J.D., Helfrich, C.E., Konopliv, A.S., McAdams, J.V., Miller, J.K., Owen, W.M.J., Scheeres, D.J., Synnott, S.P., Williams, B.G.: Estimating the Mass of Asteroid 253 Mathilde from Tracking Data During the NEAR Flyby. Science 278, 2106–2109 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Yeomans, D.K., Antreasian, P.G., Barriot, J.P., Chesley, S.R., Dunham, D.W., Farquhar, R.W., Giorgini, J.D., Helfrich, C.E., Konopliv, A.S., McAdams, J.V., Miller, J.K., Owen, W.M., Scheeres, D.J., Thomas, P.C., Veverka, J., Williams, B.G.: Radio Science Results During the NEAR-Shoemaker Spacecraft Rendezvous with Eros. Science 289, 2085–2088 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Yurimoto, H., Abe, K., Abe, M., Ebihara, M., Fujimura, A., Hashiguchi, M., Hashizume, K., Ireland, T.R., Itoh, S., Katayama, J., Kato, C., Kawaguchi, J., Kawasaki, N., Kitajima, F., Kobayashi, S., Meike, T., Mukai, T., Nagao, K., Nakamura, T., Naraoka, H., Noguchi, T., Okazaki, R., Park, C., Sakamoto, N., Seto, Y., Takei, M., Tsuchiyama, A., Uesugi, M., Wakaki, S., Yada, T., Yamamoto, K., Yoshikawa, M., Zolensky, E.: Oxygen Isotopic Compositions of Asteroidal Materials Returned from Itokawa by the Hayabusa Mission. Science 333, 1116–1119 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of PadovaPaduaItaly

Personalised recommendations