The Role of Woman and Man on Shaping the Old and Modern Households

  • Przemyslaw Nowakowski
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8009)


Owning a house or a flat is closely related to the necessity of maintaining it. Housework requires various skills and abilities, as well as both physical and mental effort, overcoming weariness caused by the repetition of activities while experiencing lack of lasting effects, financial difficulties, and sometimes shortages of supplies and services. Moreover, the housework sometimes has to be done in poor living conditions. The primary goal of housework is creating, for each of the household members, the conditions in which one can develop, regenerate and relax. Modern households, especially the kitchenware, reflect the technological advancement of our digitalized contemporary world. The declining role of people in housework reflects grave social and cultural problems in the developed countries, such as: disintegration and atomization of family, anonymity and unification of behavior. The paper presents: the models of housework organization and their evolution in history, the role of women and men in housework, historically changing specificity of housework (including kitchen chores), as well as contemporary tendencies in domestic life in industrialized countries.


Ergonomics households housework 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Przemyslaw Nowakowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ArchitectureWroclaw University of TechnologyWroclawPoland

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