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Petrology pp 299–310Cite as

Sedimentary Rocks

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Abstract

In the previous chapter we considered how sediments, the precursor to sedimentary rocks, form and ultimately become lithified. Sedimentary rocks are important to the geologist for two principal reasons: (1) They host petroleum, natural gas, coal, uranium, and many other economically significant deposits. (2) Their composition, structure, texture, and fossils provide clues to paleogeography, paleoclimate, and past life on Earth. It is clearly a vast topic and not every aspect, however important, can be covered here in sufficient detail. Instead, in this chapter we consider largely the broad petrogenetic aspects of some major types of sedimentary rocks.

Keywords

  • Sedimentary Rock
  • Carbonate Rock
  • Black Shale
  • Terrigenous Rock
  • Band Iron Formation

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Sen, G. (2014). Sedimentary Rocks. In: Petrology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-38800-2_14

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