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Petrology pp 299–310Cite as

Sedimentary Rocks

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In the previous chapter we considered how sediments, the precursor to sedimentary rocks, form and ultimately become lithified. Sedimentary rocks are important to the geologist for two principal reasons: (1) They host petroleum, natural gas, coal, uranium, and many other economically significant deposits. (2) Their composition, structure, texture, and fossils provide clues to paleogeography, paleoclimate, and past life on Earth. It is clearly a vast topic and not every aspect, however important, can be covered here in sufficient detail. Instead, in this chapter we consider largely the broad petrogenetic aspects of some major types of sedimentary rocks.


  • Sedimentary Rock
  • Carbonate Rock
  • Black Shale
  • Terrigenous Rock
  • Band Iron Formation

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-38800-2_14
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Sen, G. (2014). Sedimentary Rocks. In: Petrology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

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