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Ants, Plants and Fungi: A View on Some Patterns of Interaction and Diversity

  • Andreas BresinskyEmail author
Part of the Progress in Botany book series (BOTANY, volume 75)

Abstract

Biodiversity is a challenging field of research. Approaches are manifold and mostly cover few aspects of the total wealth of phenomena only. The mapping of the vascular plants and the inventory of Basidiomycota in Bavaria are projects to be mentioned in this context as one part of the commitment of the author. In the following article the author describes further activities during his lifework in regard to ant–plant interactions resulting in dispersal and distribution of plants, and moreover, in respect to speciation and to evolution of high ranked taxa within the fungi, discussed mainly in relation to the genus Pleurotus and the order Boletales. In fungi the investigations include breeding systems, isolation barriers, polyploidy, pigment patterns and DNA phylogeny. The pigment patterning in Boletales correlates well with the phylogeny as revealed by DNA analysis of selected gene sections.

Keywords

Free Fatty Acid Oleic Acid Fruit Body Ricinoleic Acid Chemical Mimicry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Special gratitude has to be expressed to Prof. Dr. Ulrich Lüttge, Darmstadt, and to Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Wolfgang Steglich, München for encouraging me to write this paper and for the support generously provided. Ulrich Lüttge and I were not only visiting the same University but also the same class in school, not being aware of our future profession within the identical field of science. How could we know at that time that both of us would be separately engaged in the writing of somewhat competing text books in Botany for the use at Universities? Also Wolfgang Steglich and I, both of us being interested and working on pigments of fungi, are friends for more than 40 years. I always could rely on his profound knowledge and on his competence as an outstanding chemist. Prof. Dr. Jürgen Heinze, a Zoologist, working on ants, and Prof. Dr. Peter Poschlod, both in Regensburg, kindly read the draft of this paper and offered me valuable suggestions. My wife Dr. B. Wittmann-Bresinsky did not only revise the wording of this paper but also contributed results of her own research which were incorporated here. Without the cooperation of my colleagues, co-workers and graduate students it would not have been possible to get knowledge on the details discussed here and which made life so interesting to me. It is not possible to mention all of them by name. A tight affiliation of similar interests and of personal understanding had been grown over the time of common work at the University of Regensburg to Prof. Dr. Peter Schönfelder, Dr. Helmut Besl, Prof. Dr. Michael Fischer, Prof. Dr. Hans-Peter Molitoris and to many other persons. To all of them, regardless whether mentioned by name or not, I am greatly indebted. Last but not least, commemorating my deceased teachers, I have to bow myself in respect and gratitude.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Botany of University of RegensburgRegensburgGermany

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