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Structure, Interaction and Hydrogen Bond

  • Kun Dong
  • Qian Wang
  • Xingmei LuEmail author
  • Qing Zhou
  • Suojiang ZhangEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Structure and Bonding book series (STRUCTURE, volume 151)

Abstract

Ionic liquids (ILs), as green solvents, have attracted amazing interest and their potential applications have prompted a large amount of research and investment, and some of the results have been inspiring. In recent years, in combination with cations and anions, some new ILs have been synthesized in the laboratory. However, compared with simple solid salts, the structures of ILs are complicated and their properties vary considerably. It is thus very time consuming to explore ILs experimentally when facing the huge number of ionic combinations. A molecular-based understanding can reveal the quantitative correlation between structures and properties, and is thus an important subject in the study of ILs. The unusual complexity of ionic interactions renders molecular-based interpretations difficult and gives rise to controversies about the structure of the ILs. Herein we discuss the ion-pair, cluster and X-ray crystals structures and their relationship with the properties of many typical ILs, especially imidazolium-based. In the ILs, apart from the strong electrostatic forces, non-covalent H-bonds and van der Waals (dispersion, induce forces) are examined and are shown to have a decisive effect on the properties of ILs.

Keywords

Ionic liquid Structure Interaction Property Application 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported financially by the Projects of International Cooperation and Exchanges NSFC (No. 21210006, 21336002 and 21376242), Beijing Natural Science Foundation (No.2131005) and National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (863 Program) (No. 2012AA063001).

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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