An Empirical Test of How Events Turn the Cognitive Gears of Trust

  • D. Harrison McKnight
  • Peng Liu
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 401)


This study empirically tests a social psychology-based Information Processing Model (IPM) that explains how events may change trust over time based on three cognitive mechanisms or “gears”: attention, attribution, and judgment. We briefly describe the IPM, and then empirically validate its assumptions and extensions. The IPM is contrasted with the incremental growth model (IGM) of trust change. We find more support for the IPM than the IGM.


Trust attention attribution threshold risk illusion change 


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Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Harrison McKnight
    • 1
  • Peng Liu
    • 2
  1. 1.Accounting and Information Systems DepartmentMichigan State UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Department of Information Systems & Decision ScienceCalifornia State UniversityFullertonUSA

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