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Impacts of Local Land-Use Change on Climate and Hydrology

  • David Windhorst
  • Brenner Silva
  • Thorsten Peters
  • Hanna Meyer
  • Boris Thies
  • Jörg Bendix
  • Hans-Georg Frede
  • Lutz Breuer
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 221)

Abstract

Land-use change has a potentially large impact on local water resources and climatic conditions in montane rainforest ecosystems of the Andes. Based on local meteorological observations and site-specific simulation studies involving a coupled hydrological model and a soil–vegetation–atmosphere transfer scheme, we are able to predict likely changes of water and energy fluxes for different land-use categories. To anticipate the effect of future land-use change on the water and energy budgets of the study area, we use results of statistically derived land-use scenarios and a coupled plot scale model representing the dominant land-use types for further upscaling. After assessing the impact of land-use change on ecosystem services we conclude that climate regulation will be decreasing due to a likely increase in drought vulnerability and that the discharge will remain stable or even slightly increase, thereby positively effecting provisioning and regulating hydrological services.

Keywords

Ecosystem Service Bowen Ratio Surface Water Flow Allocation Factor Community Land Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Windhorst
    • 1
  • Brenner Silva
    • 2
  • Thorsten Peters
    • 3
  • Hanna Meyer
    • 2
  • Boris Thies
    • 2
  • Jörg Bendix
    • 2
  • Hans-Georg Frede
    • 1
  • Lutz Breuer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Landscape Ecology and Resources ManagementUniversity of GießenGießenGermany
  2. 2.Faculty of GeographyUniversity of MarburgMarburgGermany
  3. 3.Institute for GeographyUniversity of ErlangenErlangenGermany

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