Current Provisioning Ecosystem Services for the Local Population: Landscape Transformation, Land Use, and Plant Use

  • Perdita Pohle
  • Andrés Gerique
  • Maria Fernanda López
  • Regine Spohner
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 221)


The tropical mountain forest areas of the eastern slopes of the Andes of South Ecuador have been colonized since the early twentieth century by mestizo and later by indigenous Saraguro settlers. As a consequence, the former forest landscape has been replaced by a mixed matrix of forest remnants, pastures, fields/gardens, and wasteland (matorral). This chapter addresses land use, plant use, and the landscape transformation process with its implications for provisioning ecosystem services for the local population. It presents the history of colonization, the policy framework of this process, and its influence on the trajectories of land use/land cover changes in the study area. The current and past practices of resource use, food production, and plant use are analyzed together with the livelihood strategies of the small-scale farming households.


Home Garden Livelihood Strategy Change Category Provision Ecosystem Service Valley Side 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We wish to thank the inhabitants of the communities of El Tibio, Los Guabos, El Cristal, Sabanilla, El Retorno, and La Fragancia for their hospitality and generous participation in this study. Our gratitude also goes to Eduardo Tapia, Mónica Burbano, Tatiana Ramón, and to the staff of the Reinaldo Espinosa Herbarium of the National University of Loja for their contribution to this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Perdita Pohle
    • 1
  • Andrés Gerique
    • 1
  • Maria Fernanda López
    • 2
  • Regine Spohner
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of GeographyFriedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany
  2. 2.Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador (PUCE)QuitoEcuador
  3. 3.Department of GeographyUniversity of CologneCologneGermany

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