Conservation, Management of Natural Forests and Reforestation of Pastures to Retain and Restore Current Provisioning Services

  • Michael Weber
  • Bernd Stimm
  • Maria Fernanda López
  • Andrés Gerique
  • Perdita Pohle
  • Patrick Hildebrandt
  • Thomas Knoke
  • Ximena Palomeque
  • Baltazar Calvas
  • Sven Günter
  • Nikolai Aguirre
  • Daniel Kübler
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 221)

Abstract

Conservation in Ecuador is mainly realised through an extensive network of protected areas. Recently, multi-stakeholder initiatives and payments for environmental services are also implemented to support conservation. Natural forests provide 120 timber species to the Ecuadorian market. Furthermore, they harbour a wealth of different species for non-timber forest uses (NTFPs), which play a substantial role in the livelihoods of small-scale farming households. However, the extent differs among the ethnic groups. Another essential but often neglected service of natural forests is its relevance as a genetic resource for reproductive material. Reforestation of unproductive land is an important option to reduce the pressure on natural forests and to rehabilitate its provisioning services. So far mostly exotic tree species have been used for this. We demonstrate that reforestation programmes with native tree species have a good potential and may generate several thousands of job opportunities and a huge market for forest reproductive material.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Weber
    • 1
  • Bernd Stimm
    • 1
  • Maria Fernanda López
    • 2
  • Andrés Gerique
    • 3
  • Perdita Pohle
    • 3
  • Patrick Hildebrandt
    • 1
  • Thomas Knoke
    • 4
  • Ximena Palomeque
    • 1
  • Baltazar Calvas
    • 4
  • Sven Günter
    • 5
  • Nikolai Aguirre
    • 6
  • Daniel Kübler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Silviculture, Center of Life and Food Sciences WeihenstephanTechnische Universität MünchenFreisingGermany
  2. 2.Pontificia Universidad Católica (PUCE)QuitoEcuador
  3. 3.Institute of GeographyFriedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Forest Management, Center of Life and Food Sciences WeihenstephanTechnische Universität MünchenFreisingGermany
  5. 5.Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center, Latin-American Chair for Protected Areas and Biological Corridors “Kenton Miller”, CATIE 7170TurrialbaCosta Rica
  6. 6.Center for Studies and Development of Amazonia (CEDAMAZ)National University of LojaLojaEcuador

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