Advertisement

Formalizing Physical Security Procedures

  • Catherine Meadows
  • Dusko Pavlovic
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7783)

Abstract

Although the problems of physical security emerged more than 10,000 years before the problems of computer security, no formal methods have been developed for them, and the solutions have been evolving slowly, mostly through social procedures. But as the traffic on physical and social networks is now increasingly expedited by computers, the problems of physical and social security are becoming technical problems. From various directions, many security researchers and practitioners have come to a realization that the areas such as transportation security, public and private space protection, or critical infrastructure defense, are in need of formalized engineering methodologies. Following this lead, we extended Protocol Derivation Logic (PDL) to Procedure Derivation Logic (still PDL). In contrast with a protocol, where some principals send and receive some messages, in a procedure they can also exchange and move some objects. For simplicity, in the present paper we actually focus on the security issues arising from traffic of objects, and leave the data flows, and the phenomena emerging from the interaction of data and objects, for future work. We illustrate our approach by applying it to a flawed airport security procedure described by Schneier.

Keywords

formal security protocol analysis physical procedure analysis physical security security policies 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Anlauff, M., Pavlovic, D., Waldinger, R., Westfold, S.: Proving authentication properties in the Protocol Derivation Assistant. In: Proc. of FCS-ARSPA 2006. ACM (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Blaze, M.: Toward a broader view of security protocols. In: Christianson, B., Crispo, B., Malcolm, J.A., Roe, M. (eds.) Security Protocols 2004. LNCS, vol. 3957, pp. 106–120. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cervesato, I., Meadows, C., Pavlovic, D.: An encapsulated authentication logic for reasoning about key distribution protocols. In: Proc. of CSFW 2005. IEEE (2005)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Datta, A., Derek, A., Mitchell, J., Roy, A.: Protocol composition logic (PCL). Electron. Notes Theor. Comput. Sci. 172, 311–358 (2007)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Datta, A., Derek, A., Mitchell, J., Pavlovic, D.: A derivation system and compositional logic for security protocols. J. of Comp. Security 13, 423–482 (2005)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dimkov, T., Pieters, W., Hartel, P.H.: Portunes: Representing attack scenarios spanning through the physical, digital and social domain. In: Armando, A., Lowe, G. (eds.) ARSPA-WITS 2010. LNCS, vol. 6186, pp. 112–129. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dolev, D., Even, S., Karp, R.M.: On the security of ping-pong protocols. Information and Control 55(1-3), 57–68 (1982)MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dolev, D., Yao, A.C.-C.: On the security of public key protocols. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory 29(2), 198–207 (1983)MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Durgin, N., Mitchell, J., Pavlovic, D.: A compositional logic for proving security properties of protocols. J. of Comp. Security 11(4), 677–721 (2004)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ellison, C.: Ceremony design and analysis. Cryptology ePrint Archive. Report 2007/399 (October 2007)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gries, D.: The Science of Programming. Springer (1981)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Latour, B.: Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network Theory. Oxford University Press (2005)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Meadows, C., Pavlovic, D.: Deriving, attacking and defending the GDOI protocol. In: Samarati, P., Ryan, P.Y.A., Gollmann, D., Molva, R. (eds.) ESORICS 2004. LNCS, vol. 3193, pp. 53–72. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Meadows, C., Poovendran, R., Pavlovic, D., Chang, L., Syverson, P.: Distance bounding protocols: authentication logic analysis and collusion attacks. In: Poovendran, R., Wang, C., Roy, S. (eds.) Secure Localization and Time Synchronization in Wireless Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks. Advances in Information Security, vol. 30, pp. 279–298. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pavlovic, D.: Categorical logic of concurrency and interaction I. synchronous processes. In: Theory and Formal Methods of Computing 1994, pp. 105–141. World Scientific (1995)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pavlovic, D., Meadows, C.: Deriving secrecy in key establishment protocols. In: Gollmann, D., Meier, J., Sabelfeld, A. (eds.) ESORICS 2006. LNCS, vol. 4189, pp. 384–403. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pavlovic, D., Meadows, C.: Bayesian authentication: Quantifying security of the Hancke-Kuhn protocol. E. Notes in Theor. Comp. Sci. 265, 97–122 (2010)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pavlovic, D., Meadows, C.: Deriving ephemeral authentication using channel axioms. In: Christianson, B., Malcolm, J.A., Matyáš, V., Roe, M. (eds.) Security Protocols 2009. LNCS, vol. 7028, pp. 262–268. Springer, Heidelberg (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Pavlovic, D., Meadows, C.: Actor-network procedures (extended abstract). In: Ramanujam, R., Ramaswamy, S. (eds.) ICDCIT 2012. LNCS, vol. 7154, pp. 7–26. Springer, Heidelberg (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Schneier, B.: Defeating the shoe scanning machine at Heathrow Airport. Schneier on Security, December 14 (2007)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Scott, D.J.: Abstracting application-level security policy for ubiquitous computing. PhD thesis, University of Cambridge (2004), ISSN 1476-2986, UCAM-CL-TR-613Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Srivatanakul, T.: Security Analysis with Deviational Techniques. PhD thesis, University of York (2005), YCST-2005-12Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine Meadows
    • 1
  • Dusko Pavlovic
    • 2
  1. 1.Naval Research LaboratoryWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Royal HollowayOxford and TwenteUK

Personalised recommendations