Towards Novel Relationships between the Virtual and the Real in Augmented Reality

  • Hanna Schraffenberger
  • Edwin van der Heide
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 116)


In Augmented Reality (AR), virtual and real content coexist in the same physical environment. However, in order to create AR, solely adding virtual content to a real space does not suffice. In this paper we argue that an augmentation adds and relates something virtual to something real. Subsequently, we discuss both existing and promising future relationships between the virtual and the real. We explore what AR is and what it could possibly include from a technology-independent and conceptual point of view. By comparing our take on AR with common manifestations of AR, we identify possible directions for future research and AR (art) works, such as the use of non-visual modalities and the design of novel interactions between the virtual and the real.


Augmented Reality Augmentation Real Virtual Media Art Mixed Reality Modalities Multi-Modal Senses Interaction 


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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Science, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hanna Schraffenberger
    • 1
    • 2
  • Edwin van der Heide
    • 1
  1. 1.Media Technology Research Group, LIACSLeiden UniversityThe Netherlands
  2. 2.AR LabRoyal Academy of ArtThe HagueThe Netherlands

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