Upper Abdomen

  • Felix Schier
  • Salmai Turial


In some procedures at the upper abdomen, the view might be better if the laparoscope is not placed exclusively at the umbilicus but a few centimeters higher towards the xiphoid (as in fundoplication) or to the left of the umbilicus (as in achalasia). Nevertheless, we usually start at the umbilicus and see whether the view is okay from there.


Heller Myotomy Liver Cyst Scrub Nurse Partial Splenectomy Liver Retractor 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Felix Schier
    • 1
  • Salmai Turial
    • 2
  1. 1.EmmettenSchweiz
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric SurgeryUniversity Medical Center MainzMainzGermany

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