Advertisement

Transdisciplinary Way of Knowledge Representation in Intelligent Autonomous Systems with Neural Networks

  • B. A. Kalashankar
  • N. N. S. S. R. K. Prasad
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 208)

Abstract

Learning is the highly complex and ongoing process in each and every stage of life to enrich our thought processes, in the same way our thought process is involved in the course of acquiring auxiliary knowledge with an existing knowledge. In this perspective human stands ahead on every stage of life, an important difference between intelligent autonomous applications and human intelligence is our ability to exploit common sense knowledge attained from a lifetime of learning and experiences to inform our decision-making and behavior. This allows humans to adapt easily to novel situations where intelligent autonomous systems fail in some cases due to lack of situation-specific rules and generalization capabilities.

In the ongoing research and development, most of the intelligent autonomous systems can do the task as expected, but still fails in the process of acquiring additional knowledge apart from the acquired knowledge. This is due to our way of learning methodologies, domain experience, and way of thought processes where we involved as a disciplinary, multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary approach of learning. In order for intelligent autonomous systems to exploit common sense knowledge in reasoning as humans do, understand domain specific basics, then, we need to provide them with human-like reasoning strategies.

In complex situation, in particular, representation of multiple domain knowledge to resolve the problem based on the situation. The domain knowledge should be adapted at multidimensional way or parallel or dynamic way of adapting the knowledge. This leads intelligent autonomous systems to use an alternative when it fails at the particular point of solving the problem, so for better result knowledge should be organized in the better way. Knowledge is dominantly organized in disciplines, as multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research is developing at the boundaries of the scientific disciplines [8]. In this paper we compare transdisciplinary, interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary and non-disciplinary forms of knowledge representations and adopt transdisciplinary approach for intelligent autonomous systems with neural networks.

Keywords

Knowledge Representation Intelligent Autonomous Systems Expert System AI Multidisciplinary Interdisciplinary Transdisciplinary and Artificial Neural Networks 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Kalashankar, Prasad, N.N.S.S.R.K.: An Innovative Future Classroom with an Intelligent Autonomous System – in a Transdisciplinary Approach. In: IETET – 2012, GIMT, Haryana, India (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Merleau-Ponty, M.: Phenomenology of Perception. Routledge & Kegan Paul (1962)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dreyfus, H.L.: What Computer’s can’t do – The Limits of Artificial Intelligence. Harper & Row, New York (1979)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Madhavan, R., Yu, W., Biggs, G., Schlenoff, C., Huang, H.M.: IEEE RAS Standing Committee for Standards Activities: History and Status Update Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Journal of the Robotics Society of Japan, Special Issue on Activities of International Standards for Robot Technologies 29 (May 2011) Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    van den Besselaar, P., Heimeriks, G.: Disciplinary, Multidisciplinary, Interdisciplinary - Concepts and Indicators –8th CSI, Sydney (2011) Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Russel, S., Norvig, P.: Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1995)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Apgar, J.M., Argumedo, A., Allen, W.: Building Transdisciplinarity for Managing Complexity: Lessons from Indigenous Practice. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences 4(5), 255–270 (2009)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Balke, W.-T., Mainzer, K.: Knowledge Representation and the Embodied Mind: Towards a Philosophy and Technology of Personalized Informatics, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mainzer, K.: Thinking in Complexity. In: The Computational Dynamics of Matter, Mind, and Mankind, 4th edn. Springer, New York (2004)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mainzer, K.: KI - Künstliche Intelligenz. Grundlagen intelligenter Systeme. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt, Germany (2003) Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cerar, J.: Master Thesis on Transdisciplinary Sustainability Development Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nicolescu, B.: The transdisciplinary evolution of learning – CIRET Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. A. Kalashankar
    • 1
  • N. N. S. S. R. K. Prasad
    • 2
  1. 1.Logica, CGIBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Electromagnetic & Optical Systems, ADABangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations