Effects of NGNs on Market Definition

  • João Paulo Ribeiro Pereira
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 206)


Historically, electronic communications networks were built to support specific services. For example, fixed and mobile telephone networks were developed to support voice telephone calls, whereas cable networks, satellites, and over-the-air broadcasts were built to support television services (unidirectional linear video). However, these communications networks are currently incorporating new technology and are rapidly evolving into multi-service networks that support voice, video, and data over a single, fully integrated communications platform. NGNs provide to customer access to a large range of services, leading to the increase of the bandwidth demand - For example, if customers encounter their demand on a single network, a triple play product, the bandwidth demand for that network will increase. Moreover, the migration to NGN may require upgrades to the infrastructure to provide sufficient service quality. The entry of new competitors can be based on the resale of services from the incumbent, on building up their own infrastructures, on renting unbundled infrastructure from incumbents, or, on the combination of the above elements. The availability of these options to competitors and price definition are generally determined by regulatory policies. So, the introduction of NGNs by telecommunication network operators obligates the national regulators adapt their access regulation regimes to the new technological conditions. Regulation and/or promotion of competition by regulatory measures need to be analyzed and compared. So, in this paper we explore the role of competition policy and regulation.


NGNs Broadband Access Networks Telecommunication network operators policy and regulation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    ITU, Ruling the New and Emerging Markets in the Telecommunication Sector. Presented at the ITU Workshop on What rules for IP-enabled NGNs? Geneva, Swiss (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pereira, J.P., Ferreira, P.: Next Generation Access Networks (NGANs) and the geographical segmentation of markets. In: The Tenth International Conference on Networks (ICN 2011), p. 6. St. Maarten, The Netherlands Antilles (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Collins, H.: Next Generation Networks - Creating a Dedicated Cost Model. InterConnect Communications Ltd., United Kingdom (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pereira, J.P.: Telecommunication Policies for Broadband Access Networks. In: The 37th Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy, Arlington, USA, pp. 1–13 (2009)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pereira, J.P., Ferreira, P.: A Cost Model for Broadband Access Networks: FTTx versus WiMAX. In: 2007 Second International Conference on Access Networks (AccessNets 2007), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, pp. 1–8 (2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pereira, J.P., Ferreira, P.: Access Networks for Mobility A Techno-Economic Model for Broadband Access Technologies (2009)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Marcus, J.S., Elixmann, D.: Regulatory Approaches to NGNs: An International Comparison. Communications & Strategies 69, 21 (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jaag, C., Lutzenberger, M.: Approaches to FTTH-Regulation: An International Comparison. In: Second Annual Conference on Competition and Regulation in Network Industries, Brussels, Belgium, p. 23 (2009)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pereira, J.P., Ferreira, P.: Game Theoretic Modeling of NGANs: Impact of retail and wholesale services price variation. Journal of Communications (2012)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kaleelazhicathu, R.K., Gjerde, I.G., Smura, T., Hämmäinen, H., Tesch, T.: Business models in telecommunications. In: ECOSYS 2004 (2004)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pereira, J.P., Ferreira, P.: Infrastructure Sharing as an Opportunity to Promote Competition in Local Access Networks. Journal of Computer Networks and Communications, 11 (2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Harno, J.: Techno-Economic Analysis of Beyond 3G Mobile Technology Alternatives. In: 6th Conference on Telecommunication Techno-Economics, CTTE 2007, pp. 1–9 (2007)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chanclou, P., Gosselin, S., Palacios, J.F., Alvarez, V.L., Zouganeli, E.: Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: a joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/One. IEEE Communications Magazine 44, 29–35 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Laffont, J.-J., Tirole, J.: Competition in Telecommunications. The MIT Press, Cambridge (2001)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    European-Commission, Portual: Main market developments, European Commission (2011)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sigurdsson, H.M.: Techno-Economics of Residential Broadband Deployment (PhD Thesis), Technical University of Denmark - Center for Information and Communication Technologies (2007)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kittl, J., Lundborg, M., Ruhle, E.-O.: Infrastructure-based versus service-based competition in telecommunications. Communications & Strategies, 67 (2006)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Marcus, J.S., Elixmann, D., Wernick, C.: Next Generation Networks (NGNs). European Parliament, Brussels (2009)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Elixmann, D., Figueras, A.P., Hackbarth, K., Marcus, J.S., Nagy, P., Pápai, Z., Scanlan, M.: The Regulation of Next Generation Networks (NGN): Final Report, Budapest (2007)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kirsch, F., Hirschhausen, C.V.: Regulation of Next Generation Networks: Structural Separation, Access Regulation, or no Regulation at all? In: First International Conference on Infrastructure Systems and Services: Building Networks for a Brighter Future (INFRA), Rotterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 1–8 (2008)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Stordahl, K.: Mobile broadband subscription and traffic evolution. Presented at the International Telecommunication Society, 18th Biennial Conference, Tokyo, Japan (2010)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Oliveira, A.: Next Generation Access Networks: A key factor of development. In: NGON Seminar – ISCTE, Lisbon, pp. 1–33 (2009)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    KPMG, Comparison of the Australian Fixed Network Cost Model and the TEA Model (2009)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Andersen. Management. International, Pricing Shared Access in Sweden. Post-of Telestyrelsen, Sweden (2004)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Xavier, P.: Geographically Segmented Regulation for Telecommunications. OECD (2010) Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    ERG, Report on ERG Best Practices on Regulatory Regimes in Wholesale Unbundled Access and Bitstream Access. European Regulators Group (2008) Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Höffler, F.: Cost and benefits from infrastructure competition. Estimating welfare effects from broadband access competition. Telecommunications Policy 31, 401–418 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Technology and ManagementPolytechnic Institute of Bragança (IPB)BragancaPortugal

Personalised recommendations