Perceived Site Security as a Second Order Construct and Its Relationship to e-Commerce Site Usage

  • Edward Hartono
  • Ki-Yoon Kim
  • Kwan-Sik Na
  • James T. Simpson
  • David Berkowitz
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 206)


Understanding perceived site security has been identified as a critical issue in current B2C e-commerce practices and research. A literature review reveals that the perceived site security construct has been conceptualized as a multi-dimensional construct; yet, all empirical studies have used uni-dimensional measures. Based on the CIA triad framework, we posit that perceived site security is a second order construct consisting of three distinct aspects of perceived site security: (1) perceived site confidentiality, (2) perceived site integrity, and (3) perceived site availability. The results from this study reveal that the new second order structure of perceived site security measure is superior to both the group factor structure and one factor structure. The results of the structural model also support the nomological validity of the newly conceptualized perceived site security measure.


Security e-commerce technology acceptance model (TAM) second order factor CIA triad measurement 


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward Hartono
    • 1
  • Ki-Yoon Kim
    • 2
  • Kwan-Sik Na
    • 3
  • James T. Simpson
    • 4
  • David Berkowitz
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Accounting & MIS, Alfred Lerner College of Business & EconomicsUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA
  2. 2.School of BusinessKwangwoon UniversityNowon-guRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Management Information SystemsSeowon UniversityCheongju-shiRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Department of Management, Marketing and Information Systems, College of Business AdministrationUniversity of Alabama in HuntsvilleHuntsvilleUSA

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