The Basics of the Routine Analysis with ISEs

  • Konstantin N. MikhelsonEmail author
Part of the Lecture Notes in Chemistry book series (LNC, volume 81)


It is not possible to measure a single electrode potential. Therefore, all electrode potentials are measured against some reference electrode (RE), and the respective EMFs are used for further processing.


Ionic Strength Reference Electrode Activity Coefficient Salt Bridge Silver Chloride 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ion-Selective Electrode LaboratorySt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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