Planar Graphs as VPG-Graphs

  • Steven Chaplick
  • Torsten Ueckerdt
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7704)

Abstract

A graph is Bk-VPG when it has an intersection representation by paths in a rectangular grid with at most k bends (turns). It is known that all planar graphs are B3-VPG and this was conjectured to be tight. We disprove this conjecture by showing that all planar graphs are B2-VPG. We also show that the 4-connected planar graphs are a subclass of the intersection graphs of Z-shapes (i.e., a special case of B2-VPG). Additionally, we demonstrate that a B2-VPG representation of a planar graph can be constructed in O(n3/2) time. We further show that the triangle-free planar graphs are contact graphs of: L-shapes, Γ-shapes, vertical segments, and horizontal segments (i.e., a special case of contact B1-VPG). From this proof we gain a new proof that bipartite planar graphs are a subclass of 2-DIR.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven Chaplick
    • 1
  • Torsten Ueckerdt
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Computing ScienceSimon Fraser UniversityCanada
  2. 2.Department of Applied MathematicsCharles UniversityCzech Republic

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