Equilibrium and Stability

  • Reinhard HentschkeEmail author
Part of the Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics book series (ULNP)


The first row of boxes shown in Fig. 3.1 depicts a number of identical systems differing only in their internal energies, \(E_\nu \), volumes, \(V_\nu \), and mass contents, \(n_\nu \). The boundaries of the systems allow the exchange of these quantities between the systems upon contact. The second row of boxes in Fig. 3.1 illustrates this situation. All (sub-)systems combined form an isolated system. We ask the following question: What can be said about the quantities \(x_\nu \), where \(x\) represents \(E\), \(V\) or \(n\), after we bring the boxes into contact and allow the exchanges to occur?

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and Natural SciencesBergische UniversitätWuppertalGermany

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