Two Fundamental Laws of Nature

  • Reinhard HentschkeEmail author
Part of the Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics book series (ULNP)


This chapter explains how the first and the second law of thermodynamics can be cast into a useful mathematical form. It also explains different types of work as well as concepts like temperature and entropy. The final result is the differential entropy change expressed through differential changes in internal energy and the various types of work. This is a fundamental relation throughout equilibrium as well as non-equilibrium thermodynamics.


Volume Element Adiabatic Process Carnot Cycle British Physicist Total Energy Content 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and Natural SciencesBergische UniversitätWuppertalGermany

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