Social-Psychological Harmonic Oscillators in the Self-regulation of Organizations and Systems

  • William F. Lawless
  • Donald A. Sofge
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7620)


We propose ab initio the existence of social-psychological harmonic oscillators (SPHO) acting computationally in the minds of an intelligent audience that a self-regulated collective exploits to solve problems, resolve complex issues, or entertain itself. Using computational intelligence, our ultimate goal is to self-regulate systems composed of humans, machines and robots. We conclude in an overview that self-regulation, characterized by our solution of the nonlinear tradeoffs between Fourier pairs of Gaussian distributions, affects decision-making differently for organizations and systems: When set inside of a democracy to solve well-defined problems, optimum performance requires command decision-making along with maximum cooperation among an organization’s multitaskers (few challenges maximize oscillations); but, to solve ill-defined problems across a system requires maximum competition among participants and organizations (challenges minimize oscillations).


Interdependence incomplete information conservation of information 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Axelrod, R.: The evolution of cooperation. Basic, New York (1984)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Adelson, E.H.: Lightness perceptions and lightness illusions. In: Gazzaniga, M. (ed.) The New Cognitive Sciences, 2nd edn., MIT Press (2000)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ambrose, S.H.: Paleolithic technology and human evolution. Science 291, 1748–1753 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Barabási, A.-L.: Scale-free networks: A decade and beyond. Science 325, 412–413 (2009)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Baumeister, R.F., Campbell, J.D., Krueger, J.I., Vohs, K.D.: Exploding the self- esteem myth. Sci. American (2005)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Becker, G.: Weekend interview. The Wall Street Journal A13 (March 27-28, 2010)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Benincà, E., Jöhnk, K.D., Heerkloss, R., Huisman, J.: Coupled predator–prey oscillations in a chaotic food web. Ecology Letters 12(12), 1367–1378 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bloom, N., Dorgan, S., Dowdy, J., Van Reenen, J.: Mgt practice and productivity. Qtrly J. Econ. 122(4), 1351–1408 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bohr, N.: Science and the unity of knowledge. In: Leary, L. (ed.) The Unity of Knowledge, pp. 44–62. Doubleday, New York (1955)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cacioppo, J.T., Berntson, G.G., Crites Jr., S.L.: Social neuroscience: Principles, psychophysiology, arousal and response. Social Psychology Handbook, Guilford (1996)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Carley, K.M.: Simulating society: The tension between transparency and veridicality. Social Agents: ecology, exchange, and evolution. University of Chicago, ANL (2002)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Carley, K.M.: Destabilization of covert networks. Computational & Mathematical Organizational Theory 12, 51–66 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cohen, L.: Time-frequency analysis: theory and applications. Prentice-Hall (1995)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Conant, R.C., Ashby, W.R.: Every good regulator of a system must be a model of that system. Internationl Journal of Systems Science 1(2), 889–897 (1970)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Conant, R.C.: Laws of information which govern systems. IEEE Transaction on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics 6, 240–255 (1976)MathSciNetzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Darley, J.M., Gross, P.H.: A hypothesis-confirming bias in labeling effects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 44, 20–33 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Darwin, C.: The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. Appleton, New York (1871)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Dietz, T., Ostrom, E., Stern, P.C.: The struggle to govern the commons. Science 302, 1907 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Difonzo, N.: Rumor Psychology: Social and Organizational Approaches. APA (2006)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    ERDA, Waste management operations, Savannah River Plant, Aiken, SC, Final EIS, Report ERDA-1537 (1977)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Feynman, R.: Feynman lectures on computation. Addison-Wesley, New York (1996)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Frayn, M.: Copenhagen (1998)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Freer, R.D., Purdue, W.C.: Civil procedure. Anderson, Cincinnati (1996)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Gershenfeld, N.: The physics of information technology, Cambridge (2000)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Hasson, U., Nir, Y., Levy, I., Fuhrmann, G., Malach, R.: Science 303, 1634–1640 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Heisenberg, W.: Physics and philosophy. The revolution in modern science, pp. 167–186. Prometheus Books (1958/1999)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Jamshidi, M.: Control of system of systems. In: Nanayakkara, T., Sahin, F., Jamshidi, M. (eds.) Intelligent Control Systems with an introduction to System of Systems. ch. 8, vol. 2. Taylor & Francis Publishers, London (2009)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Jasny, B.R., Zahn, L.M., Marshall, E.: Science 325, 405 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Lawless, W.F.: Problems with military nuclear wastes. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 41(10), 38–42 (1985)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Lawless, W.F., Rifkin, S., Sofge, D.A., Hobbs, S.H., Angjellari-Dajci., F., Chaudron, L., Wood, J.: Conservation of Information: Reverse engineering dark social systems. Structure and Dynamics 4(2) (2010); ( Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lawless, W.F., Angjellari-Dajci, F., Sofge, D.A., Grayson, J., Sousa, J.L., Rychly, L.: A New Approach to Organizations: Stability and Transformation in Dark Social Networks. Journal of Enterprise Transformation 1(4), 290–322 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Lilienthal, D.: Change, hope, and the bomb. Princeton University Press, Princeton (1963)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Luce, R.D., Raiffa, H.: Games and decision. Wiley, Chichester (1967)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    May, R.M.: Stability and complexity in model ecosystems. Princeton University Press, Princeton (1973/2001)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Nash Jr., J.F.: Non-cooperative games. Annals of Mathematics Journal 54, 296–301 (1951)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    NRC, Applications of Social Network Analysis for building community disaster resilience. In: Magsino, S.L. (ed.) Rapporteur, NRC for DHS, Workshop, February 11-12. National Academy Press, Washington, DC (2009)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Ostrom, E.: A general framework for analyzing sustainability of social-ecological systems. Science 325, 419–422 (2009)MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Pfeffer, J., Fong, C.T.: Building organization theory from first principles. Organization Science 16, 372–388 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Ridley, M.: From Phoenecia to Hayek to the ’Cloud’. Human progress has always depended on spontaneous collaboration to harness dispersed knowledge. The Wall Street Journal (2011) (retrieved 9/24/11 from Scholar
  40. 40.
    Rieffel, E.G.: Certainty and uncertainty in quantum information processing. In: Quantum Interaction: AAAI Spring Symposium. AAAI Press, Stanford University (2007)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Sarris, A.: The American cinema: Directors and directions. De Capo Press (1968) (Reprinted 1996)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Schweitzer, F., Fagiolo, G., Sornette, D., Vega-Redondo, F., Vespignani, A., White, D.R.: Economic networks: The new challenges. Science 325, 422–425 (2009)MathSciNetzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Shafir, E., LeBoeuf, R.A.: Rationality. Annual Review of Psychology 53, 491–517 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Von Neumann, J., Morgenstern, O.: Theory of games and economic behavior. Princeton Univ. Press (1953)Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Ying, M.: Quantum computation, quantum theory and AI. Artificial Intelligence 174, 162–176 (2010)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • William F. Lawless
    • 1
  • Donald A. Sofge
    • 2
  1. 1.Paine CollegeAugustaUSA
  2. 2.Naval Research LaboratoryWashington, DCUSA

Personalised recommendations