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Use of Wetland Plants in Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals

  • Soumya ChatterjeeEmail author
  • Sibnarayan Datta
  • Priyanka Halder Mallick
  • Anindita Mitra
  • Vijay Veer
  • Subhra Kumar Mukhopadhyay
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 35)

Abstract

Heavy metal pollution due to anthropogenic activities like mining, smelting, untreated waste disposal and dumping, and pesticides and fertilizers application is becoming a major global concern. Once released into the environment, heavy metals find their way into aquatic systems contaminating water bodies and its associated life forms. Wetlands are most vulnerable in this process as they are usually low lands in comparison to the surroundings. Conventional methods of mitigating metal contamination in soils and water like extraction, immobilization, and toxicity reduction, physical barrier, chemical stabilization, electro kinetic processes, soil washing, and pump-and-treat systems are prohibitively expensive, energy intensive, and can reduce the fertility and bioactivity of soils. Natural wetland systems along with its native flora have the capacity to improve water quality by filtering pollutants from water that flows through on its way to receiving water bodies. Many of the wetland plants have the capability to mobilize and uptake the metals at rhizosphere, where microbial association and symbiosis play an important role in the accumulation of metals. This chapter tried to encompass the role of wetland plants and their selection related to natural restoration of contaminated sites through economic, aesthetically pleasing phytoremediation technology.

Keywords

Heavy Metal Water Hyacinth Wetland Plant Bermuda Grass Helianthus Annuus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

Authors wish to convey thanks and appreciation to Mrs. Swagata Chatterjee for the illustration (both Figs. 7.1 and 7.2) in the chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Soumya Chatterjee
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sibnarayan Datta
    • 1
  • Priyanka Halder Mallick
    • 2
  • Anindita Mitra
    • 3
  • Vijay Veer
    • 1
  • Subhra Kumar Mukhopadhyay
    • 4
  1. 1.Defence Research Laboratory, DRDOTezpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyVidyasagar UniversityMidnapore (West)India
  3. 3.Department of ZoologyBankura Christian CollegeBankuraIndia
  4. 4.Hooghly Mohsin CollegeChinsurahIndia

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