Modelling and Formal Verification of the NEO Protocol
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In order to manage very large distributed databases such as those used for banking and e-government applications, and thus to handle sensitive data, an original peer-to-peer transaction protocol, called NEO, was proposed. To ensure its effective operation, it is necessary to check a set of critical properties. The most important ones are related to availability of data that must be guaranteed by the system. Thus, our objective aims at verifying critical properties of the NEO protocol so as to guarantee such properties are satisfied. The model is obtained by reverse-engineering from the source code and then formal verification is performed. We focus in this article on the two phases of the NEO protocol occurring at the initialisation of the system. The first one, the election phase, aims at designating a special node that will pilot the overall system. The bootstrap protocol, triggered at the end of the election, ensures that the system will enter its operational state in a coherent way. Therefore, the correctness of these two phases is mandatory for the reliability of the system.
KeywordsMaster Node Storage Node Reachability Graph Partial Order Reduction Election Phase
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