Language Acquisition Is an Optimized Process Balanced between Holistic and Compositive
From the viewpoints of information theory and system theory, this paper proposes that language is an optimal encoding system to communicate in the most efficient way. An Information Optimizing Model of language acquisition is proposed. It proposes that the precondition of language acquisition is that human has the ability of holistic cognition on systems, the ability of categorizing, the ability of voice meaning recognition; and the ability of level-2 perspective-taking. It proposes that binding speeches holistically into basic concepts they present is the key process of language acquisition. When the basic concept is accessed, it is accessed directly as a sentence. According human’s cognitive ability and communication requirement, load balance is achieved between the direct accessing process and the generating/analyzing process based on syntax and lexical structure. By this way, the communication optimization is achieved as a whole system.
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