Attosecond Absorption Spectroscopy

  • Michael Chini
  • He Wang
  • Baozhen Zhao
  • Yan Cheng
  • Shouyuan Chen
  • Yi Wu
  • Zenghu Chang
Part of the Springer Series in Chemical Physics book series (CHEMICAL, volume 104)


Photoabsorption spectroscopy with isolated attosecond pulses provides a means for all-optical time-domain measurement of ultrafast dynamics in bound and quasi-bound states of atoms and molecules, as well as near absorption edges in condensed matter systems. Due to the strong oscillator strength in atoms and molecules in the extreme ultraviolet and soft X-ray spectral regions as well as the high detection efficiency of the transmitted photon signal, attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy is an attractive alternative to traditional photoelectron spectroscopy techniques. We present measurements of the laser-perturbed photoabsorption of helium 1snp singly excited states and quasi-bound autoionizing states of argon with a few-femtosecond autoionization lifetime. In both systems, we observe laser-induced changes in the photoabsorption spectrum which evolve on the single-femtosecond timescale, faster than the laser light oscillation period.


Transient Absorption Fano Resonance Attosecond Pulse Absorption Structure Transient Absorption Spectroscopy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors acknowledge helpful discussions and theoretical support from Suxing Hu with regard to the helium experiments and from Chang-hua Zhang, Feng He, and Uwe Thumm with regard to the argon experiments. He Wang is currently at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley CA. Baozhen Zhao and Shouyuan Chen are currently at University of Nebraska, Lincoln NE.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Chini
    • 1
  • He Wang
    • 2
  • Baozhen Zhao
    • 2
  • Yan Cheng
    • 1
  • Shouyuan Chen
    • 2
  • Yi Wu
    • 1
  • Zenghu Chang
    • 1
  1. 1.CREOL and Department of PhysicsUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  2. 2.J. R. Macdonald Laboratory, Department of PhysicsKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA

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