Advertisement

Mineralogie pp 215-240 | Cite as

Magmatische Gesteine (Magmatite)

  • Martin Okrusch
  • Siegfried Matthes
Chapter
Part of the Springer-Lehrbuch book series (SLB)

Zusammenfassung

Magmatische Gesteine (Magmatite, Eruptivgesteine, engl. igneous rocks) sind (im Wesentlichen) Kristallisationsprodukte aus einer natürlichen glutheißen silikatischen Schmelze, dem Magma. Gelegentlich kommen auch karbonatische, oxidische oder sulfidische Magmen in der Natur vor.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. Best MG (2003) Igneous and metamorphic petrology, 2nd edn. Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  2. Best MG, Christiansen EH (2001) Igneous petrology. Blackwell, Malden, Mass., USAGoogle Scholar
  3. Hersum TG, Marsh BD (2007) Igneous textures: On the kinetics behind the words. Elements 3:247–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Higgins MD (2006) Quantitative textural measurements in igneous and metamorphic petrology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, EnglandCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Jerram DA, Higgins MD (2007) 3D analysis of rock textures: Quantifying igneous microstructures. Elements 3:239–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Le Maitre RW (ed) (1989) A classification of igneous rocks and glossary of terms. Blackwell OxfordGoogle Scholar
  7. Le Maitre RW (ed) (2004) Igneous rocks. A classification and glossary of terms, 2nd Edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
  8. Wimmenauer W (1985) Petrographie der magmatischen und metamorphen Gesteine. Enke, StuttgartGoogle Scholar

Zitierte Literatur

  1. Abu El-Enen MM, Okrusch M (2012) Porfido rosso antico: Die geologische Situation des Mons Porphyrites am Diebel Dokhan in der ägyptischen Ostwüste. In: Lorenz J (ed) Porphyr. Mitt naturwiss Mus Aschaffenburg 26:130–139Google Scholar
  2. Brögger WC (1921) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes, IV. Das Fengebiet in Telemark, Norwegen. Vit Selsk Skr Mat Nat Klasse 1920, 1, 494 pp. Kristiania (Oslo)Google Scholar
  3. Charlier BLA, Wilson CJN, Lowenstern JB, Blake S, van Calsteren PW, Davidson JP (2005) Magma generation at a large, hyperactive silicic volcano (Taupo, New Zealand) revealed by U-Th and U-Pb systematics in zircons. J Petrol 46:3–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Defant MJ, Drummond MS (1990) Derivation of some modern arc magmas by melting of young subducted lithosphere. Nature 347:662–665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hildreth W (2001) Unpublizierter Vortrag bei der Penrose Conference „Longevity and dynamics of rhyolithic magma systems“, cit. Charlier et al. (2005)Google Scholar
  6. Jahn BMM, Glikson AY, Peucat J-J, Hickman AH (1981) REE geochemistry and isotopic data of Archean silicic volcanics and granitoids from the Pilbara Block, western Australia: Implications for the early crustal evolution. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 45:1633–1652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Klemm R, Klemm D (1993) Steine und Steinbrüche im alten Ägypten. Springer-Verlag, Berlin New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Klemm R, Klemm D (2008) Stones and stone quarries in ancient Egypt. Brit Mus Publ, LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. Le Bas MJ, Le Maitre RW, Streckeisen A, Zanettin B (1986) A chemical classification of volcanic rocks based on the total alkali– silica diagram. J Petrol 27:745–750CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Le Bas MJ, Le Maitre RW, Woolley AR (1992) The construction of the total alkali–silica chemical classification of volcanic rocks. Mineral Petrol 46:1–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Le Bas MJ, Streckeisen AL (1991) The IUGS systematics of igneous rocks. J Geol Soc London 148:825–833CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lorenz V (1998) Zur Vulkanologie von diamantführenden Kimberlitund Lamproit-Diatremen. Z Dt Gemmol Ges 47:5–30Google Scholar
  13. Lorenz J (2012) „Porfido verde antico“ von Krokees, Lakonien, Peloponnes, Griechenland. Der originale Fundort zwischen Faros und Stefania. In: Lorenz J (ed) Porphyr. Mitt naturwiss Mus Aschaffenburg 26:24–41Google Scholar
  14. Martin H, Chauvel C, Jahn BM (1983) Major and trace element geochemistry and crustal evolution of granodioritic Archean rocks from eastern Finland. Precambrian Res 21:159–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Martin H, Smithies RH, Rapp R, Moyen J-F, Champion D (2005) An overview of adakite, tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite (TTG), and sanukitoid: Relationships and some implications for crustal evolution. Lithos 79:1–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nockolds SR (1954) Average chemical composition of some igneous rocks. Bull Geol Soc America 65:1007–1032CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ronov AB, Yaroshevsky AA (1969) Chemical composition of the Earth’s crust. In: Hart PJ (ed) The Earth’s crust and upper mantle. Geophys Monogr 13:37–57. AGU, Washington/DCGoogle Scholar
  18. Streckeisen AL (1967) Classification and nomenclature of igneous rocks (Final report of an inquiry). Neues Jahrb Mineral Abhandl 107:144–240Google Scholar
  19. Streckeisen AL (1974). Classification and nomenclature of plutonic rocks. Geol Rundsch 63:773–788CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Streckeisen AL (1976) To each plutonic rock its proper name. Earth Sci Rev 12:1–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Streckeisen AL (1980) Classification and nomenclature of volcanic rocks, lamprophyres, carbonatites and melilitic rocks. IUGS Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks. Geol Rundsch 69:194–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Verma SP, Torres-Alvarado IS, Velasco-Tapia F (2003) A revised CIPW norm. Schweiz Mineral Petrogr Mitt 83:197–216Google Scholar
  23. Woolley AR, Bergman, S, Edgar AD, et al. (1996) Classification of lamprophyres, lamproites, kimberlites, and the kalsilitic, melilitic, and leucitic rocks. Canad Mineral 34:175–186Google Scholar
  24. Yoder HS, Tilley CF (1962) Origin of basalt magmas: An experimental study of natural and synthetic rock systems. J Petrol 3:342–532CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Univ. Würzburg Mineralogisches InstitutWürzburgDeutschland
  2. 2.Inst. MineralogieUniv. Würzburg Fak. GeowissenschaftenWürzburgDeutschland

Personalised recommendations