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Online Projective Nonnegative Matrix Factorization for Large Datasets

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNTCS,volume 7665)


Projective Nonnegative Matrix Factorization (PNMF) is one of the recent methods for computing low-rank approximations to data matrices. It is advantageous in many practical application domains such as clustering, graph partitioning, and sparse feature extraction. However, up to now a scalable implementation of PNMF for large-scale machine learning problems has been lacking. Here we provide an online algorithm for fast PNMF learning with low memory cost. The new algorithm simply applies multiplicative update rules iteratively on small subsets of the data, with historical data naturally accumulated. Consequently users do not need extra efforts to tune any optimization parameters such as learning rates or the history weight. In addition to scalability and convenience, empirical studies on synthetic and real-world datasets indicate that our online algorithm runs much faster than the existing batch version.


  • Online learning
  • PNMF
  • NMF
  • large-scale datasets

Supported by the Academy of Finland in the project Finnish Center of Excellence in Computational Inference Research (COIN).

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-34487-9_35
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© 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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Yang, Z., Zhang, H., Oja, E. (2012). Online Projective Nonnegative Matrix Factorization for Large Datasets. In: Huang, T., Zeng, Z., Li, C., Leung, C.S. (eds) Neural Information Processing. ICONIP 2012. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 7665. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-34486-2

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-34487-9

  • eBook Packages: Computer ScienceComputer Science (R0)