Prospects and Challenges of Landmarks in Navigation Services

  • Kai-Florian Richter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)


In the past decades, empirical research has established the importance of landmarks in our understanding of and communication about space. These findings have led to the development of several computational approaches for the automatic identification and integration of landmarks in navigation instructions. However, so far this research has failed to make any impact on commercial services. This chapter will discuss reasons for this failure. It will develop a categorization of existing approaches and highlight their shortcomings. Finally, principles and methods of user-generated content will be identified as a promising, feasible way forward to future landmark-based navigation services.


Landmarks User-generated content Route directions Location-based services 



A first draft of this chapter was written while the author was at the School of Information Science, The University of Pittsburgh. The ideas presented in the outlook greatly benefited from discussions at the School with Stephen Hirtle, Sherry Koshman, Hassan Karimi and Peter Brusilovsky, as well as later on with Stephan Winter at the University of Melbourne. Martin Tomko provided further feedback on an earlier draft of this chapter. The author received support for attending the meeting in Las Navas from the Transregional Collaborative Research Center SFB/TR 8 Spatial Cognition which is funded by the DFG. Feedback by the participants of that meeting, especially Martin Raubal, is also gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Infrastructure EngineeringThe University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia

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