Structural, Dielectric and Magnetic Properties of Nano-Crystalline Ni-Mg Ferrites Prepared by Citrate-Gel Auto Combustion Method

  • Mohd. HashimEmail author
  • Alimuddin
  • M. Wasi Khan
  • Shalendra Kumar
  • Sagar E. Shirsath
  • Ravi Kumar
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 143)


Nano-particles of Ni0.5Mg0.5Fe2-xCrxO4 \( \left( {0 \le {\text{x}} \le 1.0} \right) \) have been synthesized by citrate-gel auto combustion method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and infrared spectroscopy (IR) were used to study the structural changes taking place with varying Cr concentration. Morphological analysis was made by scanning electron microscopy. The dielectric and magnetic properties were investigated by ac impedance spectroscopy and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), respectively. X-ray diffraction analysis assured the formation of single phase cubic spinel structure. Infrared spectroscopic studies revealed two main absorption bands in the range 400–800 cm−1 arising due to tetrahedral (A) and octahedral (B) site vibrations. The dielectric properties have been carried out as a function of frequency (42 Hz–5 MHz) at room temperature. The dielectric behavior is explained on the basis of interface polarization, arising from the heterogeneous nature of ferrites structure. In general, substitution of chromium ion plays an important role tailoring the structural, dielectric and magnetic properties of the ferrite material.


Ferrite Nanoparticles Dielectric constant Doping additives 



Grateful thanks are due to U.G.C. New Delhi, India for financial support through grant MANF-MUS-UTT-1092. Thanks are also due to Center of excellence in Materials Science (Nanomaterials), Department of Applied Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, to sensible help in characterization of as-prepared specimens.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohd. Hashim
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alimuddin
    • 1
  • M. Wasi Khan
    • 1
  • Shalendra Kumar
    • 2
  • Sagar E. Shirsath
    • 3
  • Ravi Kumar
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Applied PhysicsAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  2. 2.School of Nano and Materials EngineeringChangwon National UniversityUichang-guSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsVivekanand CollegeAurangabadIndia
  4. 4.Centre for Material Science EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyHamirpurIndia

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