Indoor and Outdoor Mobile Navigation by Using a Combination of Floor Plans and Street Maps

  • Jussi Nikander
  • Juha Järvi
  • Muhammad Usman
  • Kirsi Virrantaus
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)


Positioning and map technology integrated to smart mobile devices allows the users to locate themselves and find routes between locations. Such route finding typically works only outdoors due to reliance on the GPS system and lack of indoor map data. This work introduces a prototype for combined indoor and outdoor mobile navigation system for a university campus. An important part of the prototype implementation is the conversion of CAD floor plans to GIS data that can be used together with existing outdoor maps for locating and for finding shortest routes between locations. This work describes a semi-automatic conversion process that produces indoor map data, which is combined with OpenStreetMap and Bing map data for route finding and displaying a hybrid map. The prototype application, which uses this data, has been implemented on the iPad. The prototype uses GPS for outdoor positioning and QR codes for indoor positioning. The work is currently in process, and future prospects of the prototype are discussed.


Positioning Mobile navigation Data conversion 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jussi Nikander
    • 1
  • Juha Järvi
    • 1
  • Muhammad Usman
    • 1
  • Kirsi Virrantaus
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Real Estate, Planning and GeoinformaticsAalto University School of EngineeringEspooFinland

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