Partially Disembodied Robot: Social Interactions with a Robot’s Virtual Body

  • Hirotaka Osawa
  • Thibault Voisin
  • Michita Imai
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7621)

Abstract

We propose a novel social robot called partially disembodied robot. This system has the advantages of real-world robots and virtual agents, guaranteeing a high social presence without sacrificing space efficiency. The robot consists of body parts that mimic human hands and eyes in order to give the user visual feedback, and is able to react to human contact through 3D detection, thus allowing the possibility for the user to interact through touching the robot. We evaluated how our system regulates users’ behaviors during the solving process of the Tower of Hanoi problem. First, the users solve a Tower of Hanoi problem while being helped by the robot, but without having defined its body. In the second phase, the users were asked to define the robot’s body and to play with it using the different interactions implemented. Finally, they were asked to solve the Tower of Hanoi problem once again, this time with the robot’s body they defined. We could observe that the presence of the robot was perceived much more clearly by the user after they defined the robot’s body, and when they were able to physically interact with it. Users’ social response to the robot also seemed to be mediated by their feelings about its social presence. Finally, we found that the shyness of the users can impact the size of the robot’s body that they define.

Keywords

Human Robot Interaction Social Presence Embodiment Disembodiment 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Wainer, J., Feil-seifer, D., Shell, D., Mataric, M.: The role of physical embodiment in human-robot interaction. In: ROMAN 2006 - The 15th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, pp. 117–122 (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lee, K.M., Jung, Y., Kim, J., Kim, S.R.: Are physically embodied social agents better than disembodied social agents?: The effects of physical embodiment, tactile interaction, and people’s loneliness in human–robot interaction. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 64(10), 962–973 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bateson, M., Nettle, D., Roberts, G.: Cues of being watched enhance cooperation in a real-world setting. Biology Letters 2(3), 412–414 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Osawa, H., Yamada, S.: Social modification using implementation of partial agency toward objects. Artificial Life and Robotics 16(1), 78–81 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Osawa, H., Ohmura, R., Imai, M.: Using Attachable Humanoid Parts for Realizing Imaginary Intention and Body Image. International Journal of Social Robotics 1(1), 109–123 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Osawa, H., Orszulak, J., Godfrey, K.M., Imai, M., Coughlin, J.F.: Improving voice interaction for older people using an attachable gesture robot. In: 19th International Symposium in Robot and Human Interactive Communication, pp. 179–184 (September 2010)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wilson, M.: Six views of embodied cognition. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 9(4), 625–636 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Osawa, H., Kanbayashi, S., Imai, M., Yamada, S.: Robot in An Empty Space: How to Create Social Presence of The Robot without Real-world Body. In: International Conference on Social Robotics (2011), p. posterGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Microsoft, Kinect for Xbox 360, www.kinectforwindows.org/
  10. 10.
    Card, S.K., Moran, T.P., Newell, A.: The Psychology of Human-Computer Interaction, p. 469. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates (1986)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wainer, J., Feil-Seifer, D.J., Shell, D.A., Mataric, M.J.: Embodiment and Human-Robot Interaction: A Task-Based Perspective. In: RO-MAN 2007 - The 16th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, pp. 872–877 (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cheek, J.M., Buss, A.H.: Shyness and sociability. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 41(2), 330–339 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Osawa, H., Kanai, Y., Yamada, Y., Imai, M.: Agent Morphology: Switching Appropriate Agency using Transforming Robotic Parts. In: International Workshop on Human-Agent InteractionI in IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS (2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hirotaka Osawa
    • 1
  • Thibault Voisin
    • 1
  • Michita Imai
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Science and TechnologyKeio UniversityYokohamaJapan

Personalised recommendations