Knowledge Extraction Based on Discourse Representation Theory and Linguistic Frames

  • Valentina Presutti
  • Francesco Draicchio
  • Aldo Gangemi
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7603)


We have implemented a novel approach for robust ontology design from natural language texts by combining Discourse Representation Theory (DRT), linguistic frame semantics, and ontology design patterns. We show that DRT-based frame detection is feasible by conducting a comparative evaluation of our approach and existing tools. Furthermore, we define a mapping between DRT and RDF/OWL for the production of quality linked data and ontologies, and present FRED, an online tool for converting text into internally well-connected and linked-data-ready ontologies in web-service-acceptable time.


frame detection discourse representation theory robust ontology design knowledge extraction 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Augenstein, I., Padó, S., Rudolph, S.: LODifier: Generating Linked Data from Unstructured Text. In: Simperl, E., Cimiano, P., Polleres, A., Corcho, O., Presutti, V. (eds.) ESWC 2012. LNCS, vol. 7295, pp. 210–224. Springer, Heidelberg (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baker, C.F., Ellsworth, M., Erk, K.: Semeval 2007 task 19: frame semantic structure extraction. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluations, SemEval 2007, pp. 99–104. ACL (2007)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Blomqvist, E.: OntoCase-Automatic Ontology Enrichment Based on Ontology Design Patterns. In: Bernstein, A., Karger, D.R., Heath, T., Feigenbaum, L., Maynard, D., Motta, E., Thirunarayan, K. (eds.) ISWC 2009. LNCS, vol. 5823, pp. 65–80. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Blomqvist, E., Presutti, V., Daga, E., Gangemi, A.: Experimenting with eXtreme Design. In: Cimiano, P., Pinto, H.S. (eds.) EKAW 2010. LNCS, vol. 6317, pp. 120–134. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bos, J.: Wide-Coverage Semantic Analysis with Boxer. In: Bos, J., Delmonte, R. (eds.) Semantics in Text Processing, pp. 277–286. College Publications (2008)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chaudhri, V.K., John, B., Mishra, S., Pacheco, J., Porter, B., Spaulding, A.: Enabling Experts to Build Knowledge Bases from Science Textbooks. In: Proceedings of KCAP 2007 (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chen, D., Schneider, N., Das, D., Smith, N.A.: Probabilist frame-semantic parsing. In: Proceedings of NAACL-HLT (2010)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cimiano, P.: Ontology learning and population from text: Algorithms, evaluation and applications. Springer (2006)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cimiano, P., Völker, J.: Text2onto - a framework for ontology learning and data-driven change discovery (2005)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Coppola, B., Gangemi, A., Gliozzo, A., Picca, D., Presutti, V.: Frame Detection over the Semantic Web. In: Aroyo, L., Traverso, P., Ciravegna, F., Cimiano, P., Heath, T., Hyvönen, E., Mizoguchi, R., Oren, E., Sabou, M., Simperl, E., et al. (eds.) ESWC 2009. LNCS, vol. 5554, pp. 126–142. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Das, D., Smith, N.A.: Semi-supervised frame-semantic parsing for unknown predicates. In: Lin, D., Matsumoto, Y., Mihalcea, R. (eds.) ACL, pp. 1435–1444. The Association for Computer Linguistics (2011)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Draicchio, F.: Frame-driven Extraction of Linked Data and Ontologies from Text. Master’s Thesis, University of Bologna Electronic Press (February 2012),
  13. 13.
    Petasis, G., Karkaletsis, V., Paliouras, G., Krithara, A., Zavitsanos, E.: Ontology Population and Enrichment: State of the Art. In: Paliouras, G., Spyropoulos, C.D., Tsatsaronis, G. (eds.) Multimedia Information Extraction. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 6050, pp. 134–166. Springer, Heidelberg (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fillmore, C.J.: Frame semantics, pp. 111–137. Hanshin Publishing Co., Seoul (1982)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Heath, T., Bizer, C.: Linked data: Evolving the web into a global data space, 1st edn. Synthesis Lectures on the Semantic Web: Theory and Technology 1:1. Morgan & Claypool (2011)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kamp, H.: A theory of truth and semantic representation. In: Groenendijk, J.A.G., Janssen, T.M.V., Stokhof, M.B.J. (eds.) Formal Methods in the Study of Language, vol. 1, pp. 277–322. Mathematisch Centrum (1981)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Maedche, A., Staab, S.: Ontology learning for the semantic web. IEEE Intelligent Systems 16, 72–79 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Magnini, B., Pianta, E., Popescu, O., Speranza, M.: Ontology Population from Textual Mentions: Task Definition and Benchmark. In: Proc. of the 2nd Workshop on Ontology Learning and Population. ACL (2006)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Nuzzolese, A.G., Gangemi, A., Presutti, V.: Gathering Lexical Linked Data and Knowledge Patterns from FrameNet. In: Proc. of the 6th International Conference on Knowledge Capture (K-CAP), Banff, Alberta, Canada (2011)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ovchinnikova, E.: Integration of World Knowledge for Natural Language Understanding. Atlantis Press, Springer (2012)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ruppenhofer, J., Ellsworth, M., Petruck, M.R.L., Johnson, C.R., Sceffczyk, J.: Framenet ii: Extended theory and practice (2010)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Tanev, H., Magnini, B.: Weakly supervised approaches for ontology population. In: Proceedings of the 2008 Conference on Ontology Learning and Population, pp. 129–143. IOS Press (2008)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Witte, R., Khamis, N., Rilling, J.: Flexible Ontology Population from Text: The OwlExporter. In: Calzolari, N., et al. (eds.) LREC, European Language Resources Association (2010)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhang, Z., Ciravegna, F.: Named Entity Recognition for Ontology Population using Background Knowledge from Wikipedia. In: Wong, W., Liu, W., Bennamoun, M. (eds.) Ontology Learning and Knowledge Discovery Using the Web: Challenges and Recent Advances. IGI Global (2011)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valentina Presutti
    • 1
  • Francesco Draicchio
    • 1
  • Aldo Gangemi
    • 1
  1. 1.STLabISTC - CNRRomaItaly

Personalised recommendations