Trust and Security Issues in Cloud-Based Learning and Management

  • Birgy Lorenz
  • Kätlin Kalde
  • Kaido Kikkas
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7558)


The goal of our paper is to point out the shortcomings in the cloud-based learning implementations regarding law, policies as well as security threats and awareness. Estonian schools and local authorities are interested in implementing new tools, especially when they are free of charge. Some Tallinn schools are already using systems like edu@live or Google Scholar. We survey and interview schools in Tallinn in order to test their readiness to implement cloud computing. Our results show high interest in using Web 2.0 tools, but also reveal serious lack of knowledge about e-safety as well as little know-how about the responsibilities and limitations in using cloud-based applications to store sensitive data. We also provide recommendations for schools using these tools for both students and teachers.


cloud-based learning security e-safety cloud management protection of personal data 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Al-Zoube, M.: E-learning on the Cloud. International Arab Journal of e-Technology 1(2) (June 2009)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Doelitzscher, F., Sulistio, A., Reich, C., Kuijs, H., Wolf, D.: Private cloud for collaboration and e-Learning services: from IaaS to SaaS. Computing 91(1), 23–42 (2011), doi:10.1007/s00607-010-0106-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dong, B., Zheng, Q., Yang, J., Li, H., Qiao, M.: An E-learning Ecosystem Based on Cloud Computing Infrastructure. In: ICALT 2009 Proceedings of the 2009 Ninth IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies. IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC (2009) ISBN: 978-0-7695-3711-5Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Estonian Information Technology Foundation (EITF), E-LEARNING DEVELOPMENT CENTRE STRATEGY Tallinn (2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Infosüsteemide turvameetmete süsteem ISKE (2012),
  6. 6.
    Infotehnoloogia, Tallinna Haridusameti IKT nõukogu protokollid ja arengukava (2012),
  7. 7.
    Noor, S., Mustafa, G., Chowdhury, S.A., Hossain, M.Z., Jaigirdar, F.T.: A Proposed Architecture of Cloud Computing for Education System in Bangladesh and the Impact on Current Education System. IJCSNS International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security 10(10) (October 2010)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Patil, M., Kulkarni, V., Negulur, G., Pashupatimath, A.: CLEM - A Cloud Based Learning Environment for Millennial: Learn – Anytime, Anywhere. In: 2011 International Conference P2P, Parallel, Grid, Cloud and Internet Computing (3PGCIC) (2011) ISBN: 978-1-4577-1448-1Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Personal Data Protection Act, Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (1995)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pocatilu, P., Alecu, F., Vetrici, M.: Measuring the Efficiency of Cloud Computing for E-learning Systems. Vseas Transactions on Computers 1(9) (January 2010) ISSN: 1109-2750Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shuai, Q., Ming-quan, Z.: Cloud computing promotes the progress of m-learning. In: 2011 International Conference on Uncertainty Reasoning and Knowledge Engineering, URKE (2011) ISBN: 978-1-4244-9985-4Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Soumplis, A., Chatzidaki, E., Koulocheri, E., Xenos, M.: Implementing an Open Personal Learning Environment. In: Proceedings of the 2011 15th Panhellenic Conference on Informatics, PCI 2011. IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC (2011) ISBN: 978-1-61284-962-1Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Syvänen, A., Muukkonen, J., Sihvonen, M.: Are the open issues of social software-based personal learning environment practices being addressed? In: MindTrek 2009 Proceedings of the 13th International MindTrek Conference: Everyday Life in the Ubiquitous Era. ACM, New York (2009)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tallinna koolide kodulehekülgede vormistamise juhend, Tallinna Haridusameti juhataja 26. veebruar 2009 käskkiri nr 1-2/155 (2009)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tisselli, E.: Thinkflickrthink: a case study on strategic tagging. Communications of the ACM 53(8) (2010)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Vabariigi Valitsus, Gümnaasiumi riiklik õppekava (2011),
  17. 17.
    Wang, C-C., Pai, W-C., N. Y. Y.: A sharable e-Learning platform based on Cloud computing. In: 2011 3rd International Conference on Computer Research and Development (ICCRD) (2011) ISBN: 978-1-61284-839-6Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wang, Y., Lin, H., Rong, H.: Design of Network Learning Platform Based on Cloud-Computation. Advanced Materials Research (vol. 488 - 489), Key Engineering Materials II (2012)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Warschauer, M.: Learning in the Cloud. Technology, Education – Connections (The TEC Series). Teachers College, Columbia University (2011) ISBN 978-0-8077-5250-0Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Xin, S., Zhao, Y., Li, Y.: Property-Based Remote Attestation Oriented to Cloud Computing. In:2011 Seventh International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Security (CIS) (2011) ISBN: 978-1-4577-2008-6Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Birgy Lorenz
    • 1
  • Kätlin Kalde
    • 1
  • Kaido Kikkas
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of InformaticsTallinn UniversityTallinnEstonia
  2. 2.Estonian Information Technology CollegeTallinnEstonia

Personalised recommendations