A Virtual Training Tool for Giving Talks

  • Oswald D. Kothgassner
  • Anna Felnhofer
  • Leon Beutl
  • Helmut Hlavacs
  • Mario Lehenbauer
  • Birgit Stetina
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7522)

Abstract

In this paper we present two studies concerning the application of a virtual environment for public speaking anxiety. We have created a program simulating a virtual lecture room, which can be filled with a large number of listeners behaving in different ways. The purpose of the scene is to train people who are anxious to give talks in front of a large audience. We present the results of two studies, showing the impact of this kind of virtual exposure. Results indicate that people do experience such a situation as realistic, as well as report social insecurity and show heightened psychophysiological arousal (HR). Furthermore, we show that especially curious people, and people with high social insecurity rate the system as useful.

References

  1. 1.
    Anderson, E.R., Hope, D.A.: The relationship among social phobia, objective and perceived physiological reactivity, and anxiety sensitivity in an adolescent population. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 23, 18–26 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Botella, C., Hofmann, S.G., Moscovitz, D.A.: A self-applied Internet-based intervention for fear of public speaking. Journal of Clinical Psychology 60, 1–10 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Botella, C., Gallego, M.J., Garcia-Palacios, A., Guillen, V., Banos, R.M., Quero, S., Alcaniz, M.: An Internet-Based Self-Help Treatment for Fear of Public Speaking: A Controlled Trial. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking 13(4), 407–421 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Caplan, S., Williams, D., Yee, N.: Problematic Internet use and psychosocial well-being among MMO players. Computers in Human Behavior 25, 1312–1319 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Clark, D.M., Wells, A.: A cognitive model of social phobia. In: Heimberg, R.G., Liebowitz, M.R., Hope, D.A., Schneier, F.R. (eds.) Social Phobia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Treatment, pp. 69–93. Guilford Press, New York (1995)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Costa, P.T., McCrae, R.R.: Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEOFFI) professional manual. Odessa: Psychological Assessment Resources (1992)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cote, S., Bouchard, S.: Virtual reality exposure for phobias: A critical review. Journal of CyberTherapy & Rehabilitation 1(1), 75–91 (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Davis, F.D.: Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology. MIS Quarterly 13, 319–340 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gerlach, A.L., Mourlane, D., Rist, F.: Public and private heart rate feedback in social phobia: a manipulation of anxiety visibility. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy 33, 36–45 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hook, J.N., Smith, C.A., Valentiner, D.P.: A short-form of the Personal Report of Confidence as a Speaker. Personality and Individual Differences 44, 1306–1313 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kothgassner, O.D., Stetina, B.U., Lehenbauer, M., Seif, M., Kryspin-Exner, I.: Behavior beyond the world of online gaming. In: Welker, M., Geiler, H., Kaczmirek, L., Wenzel, O. (eds.) General Online Research, pp. S53–S54. DGOF, Pforzheim (2010)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Laposa, J.M., Cassin, S.E., Rector, N.A.: Interpretation of positive social events in social phobia: an examination of cognitive correlates and diagnostic distinction. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 24, 203–210 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mattick, R.P., Clarke, J.C.: Development and validation of measures of social phobia scrutiny fear and social interaction anxiety. Behaviour Research and Therapy 36, 455–470 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mauss, I.B., Wilhelm, F.H., Gross, J.J.: Autonomic recovery and habituation in social anxiety. Psychophysiology 40, 648–653 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Newman, M.G., Szkodny, L.E., Llera, S.J., Przeworski, A.: A review of technology-assisted self-help and minimal contact therapies for anxiety and depression: Is human contact necessary for therapeutic efficacy? Clinical Psychology Review 31(1), 89–103 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Parsons, T.D., Rizzo, A.A.: Affective outcomes of virtual reality exposure therapy for anxiety and specific phobias: A meta-analysis. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 39, 250–261 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Schubert, T., Friedmann, F., Regenbrecht, H.: The experience of presence: Factor analytic insights. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments 10(3), 266–281 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wiederhold, B.K., Wiederhold, M.D.: Virtual Reality Therapy for Anxiety Disorders. American Psychological Association, Washington (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oswald D. Kothgassner
    • 1
  • Anna Felnhofer
    • 1
  • Leon Beutl
    • 2
  • Helmut Hlavacs
    • 2
  • Mario Lehenbauer
    • 1
  • Birgit Stetina
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Psychology, Working Group Clinical PsychologyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Faculty of Computer Science, Research Group Entertainment ComputingUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  3. 3.Faculty of PsychologyWebster University Vienna CampusViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations