Understanding Enterprise Architecture: Perceptions by the Finnish Public Sector

  • Juha Lemmetti
  • Samuli Pekkola
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7443)


Enterprise architectures (EA) support organizations in managing the complexity of their business environment and facilitate the integration of strategy, personnel, business and IT. In Finland, the use of EA has recently been mandated by the newly passed Act on the Direction of Public IT Governance. This has forced public sector authorities to familiarize themselves with the Finnish EA method. As part of the familiarization process, public sector organizations were given a chance to make statements on the proposed EA. We acquired the statements and conducted a content analysis to find out how the public sector authorities have understood the proposal and its basis, i.e. the EA itself. It turned out that while the statements were diverse and dependent on the level of previous knowledge on EA, several themes frequently appeared. Even though these problems of misunderstanding the EA concept are not new, the themes provide insights into how EA is understood. This helps researchers and practitioners to conduct their EA related works with multiple stakeholders.


enterprise architecture comprehension public sector content analysis legislation 


  1. 1.
    Armour, F.J., Kaisler, S.H., Liu, S.Y.: Building an Enterprise Architecture Step by Step. IEEE Computer Society IT Professional 1(4), 31–39 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bernard, S.: An Introduction to Enterprise Architecture, 2nd edn. AuthorHouse (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bernus, P., Nemes, L., Schmidt, G.: Handbook on Enterprise Architecture. Springer (2003)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fischer, C., Winter, R., Aier, S.: What Is an Enterprise Architecture Principle? In: Lee, R. (ed.) Computer and Information Science 2010. SCI, vol. 317, pp. 193–205. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Goethals, F., et al.: Managements and enterprise architecture click: The FAD(E)E framework. Information Systems Frontiers 8(2), 67–79 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    ISO/FDIS 15704. Industrial automation systems — Requirements for enterprise reference architectures and methodologies (1999)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    IEEE 1471. Recommended Practice for Architectural Description of Software-Intensive Systems. ANSI/IEEE Std 1471:ISO/IEC 42010 (2000)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Janssen, M., Hjort-Madsen, K.: Analyzing Enterprise Architecture in National Governments: The cases of Denmark and the Netherlands. In: HICSS 2007 (2007)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jonkers, H., et al.: Enterprise architecture: Management tool and blue-print for the organization. Information Systems Frontiers 8(2), 63–66 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kaisler, S.H., Armour, F., Valivullah, M.: Enterprise Architecting: Critical Problems. In: HICSS 2005, Hawaii, USA, January 3-6 (2005)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kluge, C., Dietzsch, A., Rosemann, M.: How to Realise Corporate Value from Enterprise Architecture. In: ECIS 2006, Göteborg, Sweden, June 12-14 (2006)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Krippendorff, K.: Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology. Sage Publications, Beverly Hills (1980)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lankhorst, M.: Enterprise Architecture at Work. In: Modelling, Communication, and Analysis. Springer, Berlin (2005)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mintzberg, H.: Structures in 5’s: A Synthesis of the Research on Organization Design. Management Science 26(3), 322–341 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Niemi, E.: Enterprise Architecture Stakeholders - a Holistic View. In: AMCIS 2007, Proceedings. Paper 41 (2007)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Niemi, E., Pekkola, S.: Adapting the DeLone and McLean Model for the Enterprise Architecture Benefit Realization Process. In: HICSS-42 (2009)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    The Open Group. The Open Group Architecture Framework version 8.1.1, Enterprise Edition, TOGAF 8.1.1 (2006)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    van der Raadt, B., Soetendal, J., Perdeck, M., van Vliet, H.: Polyphony in Architecture. In: ICSE 2004, May 23-28 (2004)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Schekkerman, J.: How to Survive in the Jungle of Enterprise Architecture Frameworks: Creating or Choosing an Enterprise Architecture Framework. Trafford Publishing (2006)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Schöenherr, M.: Towards a Common Terminology in the Discipline of Enterprise Architecture. In: Feuerlicht, G., Lamersdorf, W. (eds.) ICSOC 2008. LNCS, vol. 5472, pp. 400–413. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Smolander, K., Rossi, M., Purao, S.: Software architectures: Blueprint, Literature, Language or Decision? EJIS 17, 575–588 (2008)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sowa, J.F., Zachman, J.: Extending and Formalizing the Framework for Information Systems Architecture. IBM Systems Journal 31(3), 590–616 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Stelzer, D.: Enterprise Architecture Principles: Literature Review and Research Directions. In: Dan, A., Gittler, F., Toumani, F. (eds.) ICSOC/ServiceWave 2009. LNCS, vol. 6275, pp. 12–21. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ylimäki, T.: Towards a Generic Evaluation Model for Enterprise Architecture. Journal of Enterprise Architecture 3(3), 9–16 (2007)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juha Lemmetti
    • 1
  • Samuli Pekkola
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Information Management and LogisticsTampere University of TechnologyFinland

Personalised recommendations